calendar>>August 30. 2011 Juch 100
Recent Situation in Sudan Arouses Concern

Pyongyang, August 30 (KCNA) -- South Sudan announced its independence on July 9.

The UN General Assembly on Thursday adopted a resolution recognizing the country and allowed its entry into the United Nations as the 193rd member. As a result, the 54th country made its appearance in Africa.

Analysts are concerned that the relations between the Republic of Sudan and the newly-born Republic of South Sudan will get complicated due to such acute and outstanding issues as settlement of border, division of debt and oil revenue and status of Christians in the north and Arabians in the south.

In particular, the two countries are laying territorial claims to five regions including Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile rich in oil, sparking off conflicts again in the regions.

75 percent of oil boring stations with 500 000 bb1 of production capacity is located in South Sudan while most of oil refineries, oil pipelines and export ports are in North Sudan. Therefore, how to divide the profits from oil sales has become a crucial issue.

The Sudanese government asserts that South Sudan should pay one third of income from oil in return for using ports, refineries and oil pipelines in the north. On the other hand, South Sudan blames North Sudan for provoking an economic war by levying heavy taxes on oil exported through its ports.

South Sudan, home to 8 million, covers over 650 000 square kilometers. It faces not only economic issues including lack of talents and weak infrastructures but such political challenges as growing difference of views among inner political factions.

The international community looks forward to an earlier solution to the issues between Sudan and South Sudan by their own efforts free from foreign forces' interference in the internal affairs.

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