Kim Jong Il Inspects Command of KPA Unit 745

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il inspected the command of KPA Unit 745.
    He looked round the room devoted to the history of the unit, guided by its commander.
    Praising the unit as a unit of merit that rendered great contribution to the victory in the last Fatherland Liberation War by successfully carrying into practice the operational plan of the Supreme Command at every stage of the war, he urged its servicepersons to carry forward such proud tradition so as to steadily demonstrate the ever-victorious might of the unit.
    He acquainted himself with the unit's performance of duty before dropping in at a military lecture room to watch the training of its commanding staff. And he advanced tasks to be fulfilled by the unit in boosting its combat capability.
    He underscored the need to concentrate all efforts on military training, saying that the revolutionary duty of soldiers is to conduct training effectively before anything else.
    He also went round the soldiers' hall, a library and other entertainment and educational facilities to learn about how the political and ideological work is being conducted among servicepersons.
    A fresh turn has been brought in the political and ideological traits and fighting spirit of the servicepersons and the KPA's might considerably strengthened in the present Songun era, he said, adding that no force in the world can match the strength of this great invincible army firmly armed with the spirit of devotedly defending their leader.
    Then he inspected different places of the unit to learn about its management and gave a high appreciation of its tenacious and assiduous way of economic life.
    He had a photo session with servicepersons of the unit.

Singaporean FM Arrives

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- George Yong−Boon Yeo, Singaporean foreign minister, and his party arrived in Pyongyang on Saturday.

DPRK FM Meets Singaporean FM

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Pak Ui Chun, minister of Foreign Affairs, met and had a talk with George Yong-Boon Yeo, Singaporean foreign minister, and his party who paid a courtesy call on him at the Mansudae Assembly Hall on Saturday.

Banquet Given for Singaporean FM

   Pyongyang, May 11 (KCNA) -- The DPRK government gave a banquet in honor of the Singaporean foreign minister on a visit to the DPRK at the Mansudae Assembly Hall Saturday.
    Present there on invitation were Singaporean Foreign Minister George Yong-Boon Yeo and his party.
    Foreign Minister Pak Ui Chun and Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Kim Yong Il and officials concerned were on hand.
    Two foreign ministers made speeches there.

Chinese Delegation Arrives

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- A delegation of the China National Textile and Apparel Council led by Vice-Chairman Xu Kunyuan arrived in Pyongyang on Friday.

Foreign Delegations and Delegates Arrive

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- A delegation of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade and the China Chamber of International Commerce led by Vice-Chairman Dong Songgen arrived in Pyongyang on Friday to take part in the 11th Pyongyang Spring International Trade Fair.
    And the delegations and delegates of China, Russia, Syria, Britain, Italy, Indonesia, Spain, Vietnam and Taipei of China also arrived here on Saturday.

Ornaments of Korea Belonging to Neolithic Era

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Ornaments were made and used in Korea from the early Neolithic era far before the appearance of the metal processing technology.
    Slender tube beads like bamboo pieces were discovered at the primary formation of the Kungsan remains in Onchon County, South Phyongan Province. The exquisite beads were made of grey jade tinged with green. The pot-bellied bead has a hole to be threaded.
    Unearthed in the primary formation of the Sophohang remains in Rason City, North Hamgyong Province were a flat oval animal bone with a hole on one end and a fang of a wild boar with a hole on its sharp end. They are construed as an earring or necklace by threading one or more.
    Seven dark-green talcum armlets were discovered at the Kumthan-ri remains in Sadong District, Pyongyang and an ornamental hairpin was excavated at the tertiary formation of the Sophohang remains.
    All the ornaments were made with stone, animal bone or horn, tooth, valve and others by making use of the technology of processing their forms and grinding and holing them.
    The then ornaments were not luxurious. But they show the creative wisdom, lofty emotion and aesthetic sense of the Korean ancestors who created civilization from the ancient times.

Goshawk of Korea

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The Korean nation has been fond of birds with special emotion from olden times.
     Typical of such birds are goshawk, seagull, wild goose, mandarin duck and crane.
    Goshawk has long been used.
     According to such classical documents of the nation as "Samguksagi", "Samgukyusa" and "Jibongryusol" goshawk was used for pheasant hunting in the period of the three kingdoms.
     Scenes of Koguryo people hunting pheasant with goshawk are reflected in the mural of Anak Tomb No. 1 and others belonging to Koguryo.
     Goshawk of Korea, which is also called Poramae, Kkwongmae and Haedongchong in Korean, has been widely known to neighbouring countries including China and Japan for its high hunting ability.
     Kings of other countries asked to send goshawk till the latter half of the Ri Dynasty.  The bird, which belongs to accipiter, lives in the northern part of Korea and passes the winter in the central and southern parts.
     The bird is 48-61 centimeters long and 105-130 centimeters long when spreading wings. Its wing is 28-40 centimeters long. It, with short beak, thin and long legs and various colors, weighs nearly one kilogram.
     It mainly preys upon pheasant, pigeon, duck and wild rabbit and lays usually 2-4 eggs a year.
     Though its body is not large, it has balanced feature, keen eyes, sharp beak, strong claws, very high speed and impetuous temper.
     The goshawk is the typical bird

Rodong Sinmun on Imperialists' Strong-Arm Policy

   Pyongyang, May 11 (KCNA) -- The imperialists have historically pursued the strong-arm policy for the aggression and plunder of other countries and this policy is bound to prove bankrupt.
    Rodong Sinmun Sunday stresses this in a signed article.
    When the division of the territory started by the major capitalist countries in the 60s and 70s of the 19th century was brought to conclusion in the early 20th century, capitalism was converted into imperialism and the United States emerged as the head of imperialism with the Second World War as an occasion, the article notes, and goes on:
    The U.S. then worked hard to inveigle other imperialist countries into the implementation of its policy for aggression under the deceptive slogan of "defending the free world". It also tried to realize its ambition to dominate the world by subordinating those countries to it through "aid" and organizing military block for aggression.
    In the period of the Cold War the U.S. made all its efforts to oppose the socialist countries while raising a hue and cry over the "threat of socialism".
    The Korean War and Vietnamese War provoked by the U.S. imperialists were typical examples. But the U.S. could not but sustain bitter defeats by the united strength of the revolutionary forces against imperialism.
    The reactionary imperialist forces have intensified the offensive against the independent forces against imperialism after the collapse of the Soviet Union and socialist countries in eastern Europe and in particular, the U.S. which emerged as the "only superpower" in the world has become all the more undisguised in its high-handed and arbitrary practices in the world arena, violating the sovereignty of independent states.
    Their offensive was targeted against the DPRK which has invariably held aloft the banner of socialism, banner of independence.
    The DPRK people have defended socialism and strikingly demonstrated the dignity and might of the country as they have fought with the formidable imperialist enemy with dignity under the uplifted banner of Songun.
    The U.S. launched the military aggression against Afghanistan and Iraq under the pretext of the "anti-terror war" aimed at the aggression and plunder of other countries and put those countries under its occupation.
    There thus emerged new imperialist method for aggression and gangster-like plunder in the new century.
    Today the U.S. seeks the expansion and protraction of the "anti-terror war" to invade by force and dominate the independent countries against imperialism and countries located in the places of strategic importance.
    The imperialists' intensified strong-arm policy will bring them worse situation and destruction in the end.

Struggle against Import of American Beef Unabated in S. Korea

   Pyongyang, May 11 (KCNA) -- Struggle against the import of American beef is going on day after day in south Korea.
    A candlelight rally was held at the Chonggye Plaza in Kwanghwamun of Seoul on May 7 under the sponsorship of the People's Measure Council for Opposing the Full Opening of South Korean Market to American Beef in the wake of similar rally on May 6.
    The participants accused the present "government" of its crimes against the people not only in the beef problem but education, public health and several other fields, asserting the need for the people to impeach Lee Myung Bak in order to survive.
    At the end of the rally they took part in a signature campaign.
    On May 7 the organization called a press conference in front of the "National Assembly" to demand the probe of the truth behind the negotiations on the import of beef.
    Prior to this, representatives of peasant organizations including the Federation of Peasants Associations also called a press conference.

Import of American Beef Opposed in S. Korea

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The People's Measure Council for Opposing the Full Opening of South Korean Market to American Beef was inaugurated with due ceremony in Seoul of south Korea on May 6. It comprises over 1 500 political parties and civic and social organizations.
    The participants in the ceremony accused the authorities of branding the struggle against the import of the beef as "illegal" and conservative media of distorting truth to defend the "government."
    They declared that they would intensify the struggle such as candlelight rally and signature campaign demanding total nullification of the negotiations on the beef and the renegotiation on it and the enactment of a special law at the "National Assembly".
    They urged Lee Myung Bak to make clear background of the negotiations and truth behind them, dismiss those related to them from their posts and make an opening apology to the people.
    A rally took place in Seoul on the same day to oppose the import of American beef with the attendance of at least 10 000 citizens from different social standings under the sponsorship of the Headquarters of the All-People Movement for the Impeachment of Lee Myung Bak and a candlelight rally by the members of civic and social organizations including the People's Monitoring Group against American Beef in Danger of Mad Cow Disease and citizens, more than 2 000 in all.

Lee Myung Bak Group's Confrontation Moves Protested in S. Korea

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The South Headquarters of the National Alliance of Youth and Students for the Country's Reunification made public a resolution at the extraordinary session of its Central Committee on April 30.
    The resolution referred to the fact that the Lee Myung Bak group's moves for confrontation with the fellow countrymen in collusion with the U.S. are throwing a stumbling block in the way of realizing the idea of "By our nation itself."
    Noting that traitor Lee Myung Bak has gone the lengths of revealing his attempt to mount a preemptive attack on the fellow countrymen, the resolution dismissed him as the worst traitor, a stooge serving outsiders and dictatorial fanatic.
    It called on youth and students to take the lead in the struggle for frustrating the confrontation moves of the traitorous group as it escalates confrontation with the fellow countrymen and war crisis, adding:
    We will conduct a broad movement to correctly understand the north including its Songun politics so as to arm ourselves with the Korean nation-first spirit and eradicate all the remnants of confrontation.
    We will wage dynamic political information service and mass struggle, firmly standing against the authorities' policy for exterminating democracy such as the retrogressive revision of the "law on rally and demonstration" and suppression of pro-reunification patriots.

U.S. State Deputy Secretary's Junket to S. Korea under Fire

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The People for Achieving Peace and Reunification of south Korea staged a protest against the visit to south Korea by the U.S. deputy secretary of State in front of the building of the "Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade" on May 8.
    The organization read out a statement titled "We denounce the U.S. State deputy secretary's south Korean visit for intensified alliance for aggression".
    Referring to the fact that the U.S. deputy secretary of State flew in south Korea on May 7, the statement said that the purpose of his visit is to boost the south Korea-U.S. "alliance" for aggression and push forward the realization of the "strategic flexibility" of the U.S. forces present in south Korea.
    No sooner had he arrived in south Korea than he uttered that no beef exported by the U.S. has ever caused any trouble and it is a doubt without scientific ground and the like, the statement said, adding that his utterances were aimed to help the Lee Myung Bak regime shaken by the strong protest of the people against the opening of south Korean market to American beef.
    The U.S. should no longer violate the interests of the Korean nation for its ambition for domination, it noted, urging the U.S. to conclude a peace agreement on the Korean Peninsula, withdraw its troops from south Korea and break the "alliance" for aggression.
    The moment the U.S. State deputy secretary appeared in front of the building of the ministry, the members of the organization waged a demo shouting slogans such as "We oppose south Korea-U.S. alliance for aggression!"

April Holidays of DPRK Commemorated Worldwide

   Pyongyang, May 11 (KCNA) -- The world progressives significantly commemorated the 96th birth anniversary of President Kim Il Sung, the 15th anniversary of General Secretary Kim Jong Il's election as chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and the 76th birthday of the heroic Korean People's Army in April.
    On those occasions, Kim Jong Il was presented with gifts by organizations and figures of Russia, Ecuador and Myanmar.
    High-ranking figures of different units and political parties, government ministries, the military, institutions and organizations of different countries sent floral baskets to the DPRK missions in their countries or visited them.
    Among them were the King and the Great King of Cambodia, the chairwoman of the Central Directive Council of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, the deputy speaker of the Russian State Duma, the vice-prime minister and minister of Defence of the Lao government, the general secretary of the Party for Unity and Progress of Guinea, the chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Syria and officials of the Ministry of Defence of Vietnam, the Malaysian People's Movement and the el Gaddafi Development Organization of Libya.
    The Central Committee of the Communist Party of Soviet Union conferred the medal commemorating the 90th anniversary of the great October socialist revolution on the President and Kim Jong Suk, anti-Japanese war hero, and a district council of a province of Cuzco region of Peru and the Atuntaqui City government of Imbabura Province of Ecuador and the Puebla State of Mexico awarded the titles of honorary district head and honorary citizen to the three generals of Mt. Paektu on the occasion of the Day of the Sun.
    The Organization of Solidarity of the Peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin-America placed a floral basket before a portrait of smiling President with due ceremony and a meeting was held by the Russian Union of Writers to adopt a congratulatory message to Kim Jong Il.
    In December last year, the Austrian preparatory committee was formed to commemorate the Day of the Sun in the year 2008 and the Pakistan-Korea Friendship Association and the Paektusan Czech-Korean Friendship Association adopted an appeal and a decision calling for commemorating the birthday of the peerlessly great man as the grand political festival common to mankind and preparatory committees to commemorate the Day of the Sun made up of figures of governments, political parties and organizations were inaugurated in at least 50 countries in response to the call.
    Political parties and organizations and public figures of different social standings of various countries released statements on those occasions.
    Among them were the chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Bangladesh National Socialist Party, the chairman of the Misr Arab Socialist Party of Egypt, the president of the Group of Dialectical Materialists of Italy, the Arab Committee for Solidarity with Korean People and Supporting the Reunification of Korea in Jordan.
    There were at least 300 remembrance meetings, rallies, friendly meetings, seminars, lectures, round-table talks, photo exhibitions, film shows and art performances attended by high-ranking officials in over 80 countries and regions and letters and congratulatory messages to Kim Jong Il were adopted at the functions.

Kim Il Sung's Work Off Press in Dominica

   Pyongyang, May 11 (KCNA) -- President Kim Il Sung's famous work "10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country" was brought out in booklet by a publishing house of Dominica on April 28.
    The work was published on April 6, Juche 82 (1993).

Joint Seminar on Juche Idea Held in Mexico

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- A joint seminar on the theme of "The Juche idea is the great idea in the present times guiding the popular masses' struggle for independence" was held in Mexico on May 3.
    It was attended by members of the Mexican Committee for the Study of Kimilsungism and the Mexican Institute for the Study of the Juche Idea.
    Present there on invitation were the secretary general of the International Institute of the Juche Idea and his party on a visit to Mexico and an official of the DPRK embassy in Mexico City.
    Speeches were made there.
    The speakers profoundly explained that the Juche idea is the great guiding idea, the new philosophical idea in the era of independence as it indicates the way for carving out the destiny of the popular masses and that it is an original idea as it elucidates that man is a social being with independence, creativity and consciousness. They also noted that only when the Juche idea is held fast to as an important guideline, is it possible to put an end to the imperialists' domination and subordination and realize the popular masses' cause of independence.
    Noting with high appreciation that this idea has been successfully embodied in the DPRK, they expressed their determination to activate the study and dissemination of the idea and thus contribute to the cause of global independence.

For Spanish-speaking people

Entidad surcoreana rechaza visita de subsecretario de Estado de EE.UU.

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- Los "Hombres Partidarios de la Paz y la Reunificacion" del Sur de Corea desarrollaron el dia 8 una protesta frente a la sede del "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Comercio" en contra de la visita del subsecretario de Estado norteamericano al Sur de Corea.
    En la ocasion se dio lectura a la declaracion intitulada "Rechazamos la visita del subsecretario de Estado estadounidense con el proposito de fortalecer la alianza para la agresion".
    El documento se refiere a la llegada al Sur de Corea de ese funcionario estadounidense y destaca que el vino con la intencion de consolidar la "alianza" Sur de Corea-Estados Unidos para la agresion y acelerar todos los preparativos para conseguir la "flexibilidad estrategica" de sus tropas ocupantes del Sur de Corea.
    En cuanto arribo al Sur de Corea para ayudar al "gobierno" de Lee Myung Bak tambaleandose por la fuerte resistencia del pueblo a la apertura total del mercado a la carne de res de EE.UU., el visitante dijo que "nunca sucedio problemas en la carne de res de EE.UU. exportada" y que las "sospechas de este producto pecuario carecen de razones cientificas", revela.
    Exige que EE.UU. debe dejar de pisotear a la nacion coreana por sus ambiciones dominacionistas, concertar un pacto de paz de la Peninsula Coreana, retirar a sus tropas y romper la "alianza" de agresion.
    Cuando el visitante estadounidense hizo su apariencia ante el "Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Comercio", los miembros de la entidad mencionada protestaron gritando las consignas como "!Rechazamos la agresiva alianza Sur de Corea-EE.UU!".

Simposio conjunto sobre idea Juche en Mexico

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- Tuvo lugar el dia 3 en Mexico el simposio conjunto con el topico de "La idea Juche es la grandiosa guia directriz de la epoca actual que orienta la lucha por verificar la independencia de las masas populares".
    En la ocasion estuvieron presentes los miembros del Comite Mexicano de Estudio del Kimilsunismo y del Instituto de la Idea Juche de Mexico.
    Fueron invitados el secretario general del Instituto Internacional de la Idea Juche y su comitiva, de visita en Mexico, y un funcionario de la embajada coreana en ese pais.
    Los oradores senalaron que la idea Juche es la gran idea directriz y nuevo pensamiento filosofico de la epoca de independencia que ilumina el camino de la forja del destino de las masas populares.
      Agregaron que esa original idea definio al hombre como ente social con la independencia, la creatividad y la conciencia.
      Argumentaron que cuando marcha adelante tomandola por guia directriz, es posible acabar con el dominio y subyugacion de los imperialistas y cumplir la causa de independencia de las masas populares.
    Elogiaron la realidad de Corea donde se materializa brillantemente la idea Juche y expresaron sus decisiones de dinamizar las actividades de estudio y propaganda de la idea Juche y asi contribuir a la realizacion de la causa de independencia del mundo.

Publicada en Sur de Corea resolucion contra la banda de Lee Myung Bak

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- La Direccion Surena de la Alianza Pannacional de Jovenes y Estudiantes por la Reunificacion de la Patria publico el 30 de abril una resolucion en la reunion del comite central provisional.
     El documento apunta que la implementacion del ideal de "Entre nosotros, los connacionales" se tropieza con graves escollos debido a las maniobras de la banda de Lee Myung Bak que recurre a la confrontacion fratricida en contubernio con EE.UU.
     El traidor Lee, que expone abiertamente su intento de dar ataque preventivo contra los coterraneos, es vendepatria sin par, mercenario de las fuerzas extranjeras y dictador, critica.
     Los jovenes y estudiantes deben tomar la delantera en la lucha por frustrar las maniobras de la camarilla traidora de Lee, que agudizan la confrontacion fratricida y la crisis de guerra, destaca.
     Manifiesta la voluntad de los jovenes y estudiantes de desplegar en gran medida el movimiento por tener correcta vision del Norte de Corea, incluso la comprension de la politica de Songun (priorizacion militar), a fin de armarse con la conciencia de "nuestra nacion es la primera" y eliminar consecuentemente todos los residuos de la confrontacion.
     Libraremos una fuerte campana informativa politica y lucha masiva frente a la politica de exterminacion de democracia de las autoridades que incluye la revision de la peor forma de la "ley de concentraciones y huelgas" y la represion a las personalidades patrioticas pro-reunificacion.

Adornos de era neolitica de Corea

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- En Corea comenzaron a fabricar y utilizar los adornos desde el principio de la era neolitica, mucho antes de la aparicion de la tecnica de elaboracion metal.
     En el primer estrato de la reliquia Kungsan del distrito de Onchon, provincia de Phyong-an del Sur, fue descubierta la cuenta fina hecha con jade gris que da el color verde (su interior esta vacio como bambu).
     La cuenta tiene forma de cilindro o sea su parte centrica es mas abultada que ambas colas y esta ojeteada para ensartar.
     En el mismo estrato de la reliquia de Sophohang, ciudad de Rason, provincia de Hamgyong del Norte se hallaron una reliquia aplanada de forma oval hecha con hueso de animal con agujero en un lado y la otra de diente incisivo de jabali con agujero en su punta. Parece que estas reliquias descubiertas eran utilizadas como arete y colgante tras ensartar una o mas.
     Ademas, en la reliquia de Kumthan-ri del municipio de Sadong de esta capital fueron descubiertas pulseras de talco de verde oscuro, y en el tercer estrato de la reliquia de Sophohang, un pasador.
     Los adornos habian tomado como materia principal piedra, hueso, cuerno y dientes de animales, concha y usado diversas tecnologias, entre otras, elaboracion de forma, lima y perforacion.
     Tales adornos no son magnificos, pero, posibilitan saber inteligencias creativas y noble sentimiento estetico de los antecesores coreanos que habian allanado temprano el camino hacia la civilizacion.