Greetings from Raul Castro Ruz

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il and Kim Yong Nam, president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, received a message of greetings from Raul Castro Ruz, second secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, first vice-president of the Council of State and first vice-president of the Council of Ministers of Cuba, on Monday on the occasion of the 59th founding anniversary of the DPRK.
    The message sent them highest regards, reiterating the firm will to make sustained efforts to boost the friendly and cooperative relations between the parties, governments and peoples of the DPRK and Cuba.

Gift to Kim Jong Il from Nepal

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il was presented with a gift by the International Cultural and Educational Foundation of Nepal.
    The gift was conveyed to an official concerned by President of the foundation Ek Nath Dhakal on a visit to the DPRK.

Foreign Delegations Here

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- A Chinese government cultural delegation led by Vice-Minister of Culture Zhou Heping, and Chief of Staff of Navy of the Indonesian National Army Slamet Soebieanto and his party arrived here on Tuesday.
    Also arriving were a delegation of the Central Committee of the Fatherland Front of Vietnam led by President Pham The Duyet and a delegation of the All-China Journalists Association led by Vice-Chairman Ren Xianliang.

DPRK's Birthday Observed in Mexico

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- The Mexican Institute for the Study of the Juche Idea released its bulletin No. 7 with the 59th founding anniversary of the DPRK approaching. It carried a photo of President Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il standing together.
    In an article titled "Genuine People's Country" the bulletin noted that the founding of the DPRK meant the appearance of the first genuine people's country in Korea's history spanning thousands of years. Under the wise leadership of Kim Il Sung, the founder of the DPRK, it could greet the heyday of its development, demonstrating its sovereignty and dignity, the bulletin added.
    Noting that the might of the DPRK has grown stronger thanks to the Songun politics of Kim Jong Il despite the persistent moves of the U.S. to provoke a new war, the bulletin continued:
    The people have become a master and a genuine policy for people is in force in the DPRK mainly because it is guided by the Juche idea which regards man as the most precious being.

21st Pyongyang International Invitational Table Tennis Tournament Held

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- The 21st Pyongyang International Invitational Table Tennis Tournament was held at the Table Tennis Gymnasium in Chongchun Street from August 30 to September 3.
    It brought together teams from China, Jilin Province of China, Heilongjiang Province of China, Singapore, India, Mongolia and the DPRK (A and B groups). They competed in men's and women's team events and men's and women's singles and doubles.
    The DPRK team (A group) came first, the Chinese team second, the DPRK team (B group) third in men's team event while the Chinese team placed first, the DPRK team (A group) second and the Singaporean team third in women's team event.
    An Indian player finished first, DPRK players second and third separately and a Chinese player third in men's singles and Chinese players each came first and second and DPRK and Chinese players each placed third in women's singles.
    The first and second places in men's doubles went to DPRK players and the third place to DPRK players and a pair of Singaporean and Chinese players. Chinese players came first, DPRK players second and Chinese players and a pair of Singaporean and Chinese players third in women's doubles.

Japan's Moves for Military Power under Fire

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- The Japanese reactionaries have become frantic in their moves to modernize the equipment of "Self-Defence Forces (SDF)" and arms build-up. Minju Joson Tuesday says this in a signed commentary. It cites facts to prove that these moves are not pushed forward by separate fields sporadically but in an organized manner as part of Japan's policy.
    From the security point of view, there are neither countries which pose a direct military threat to Japan in the areas around it nor the regions where emergency situation prevails. There is, therefore, no justification for Japan to frantically step up the moves to modernize the equipment of the SDF and beef up its armed forces.
    It is the ulterior intention of the Japanese reactionaries to bring the situation in the Asia-Pacific to an extreme pitch of tension and spark an arms race and thus round off at a higher level their preparations for militarist overseas aggression.
    Such moves to bolster their military forces reveal themselves that Japan is a dangerous force for a war of aggression and an arch disturber of peace in Asia.
    The Japanese reactionaries would be well advised to roll back at once their militarist policy of overseas aggression, thinking twice over the serious consequences to be entailed by their reckless moves to turn Japan into a military giant.

Number of Intellectuals Increases in DPRK

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- Thirty years have passed after "Theses on Socialist Education", the Juche-based great programme for training talents, was published in the DPRK. In this period the theses fully displayed its validity and great vitality.
    More than 2.1 million intellectuals have been trained and the number of those holding academic degrees or titles has grown 25 times.
    The universal 11-year compulsory education system has been further consolidated, providing more favorable conditions and circumstances to train the people to be persons with secondary general knowledge, more than one technical skill and strong physical strength.
    Computer Science College was established at Kim Il Sung University and College of Information Science and Technology and College of Machine Science and Technology at Kim Chaek University of Technology. Besides, courses of up-to-date science and technology were instituted at various universities and colleges.
    The educational system for training field technicians has been established in different sectors of the national economy. As a result, the study-while-work colleges were arranged rationally in towns and countryside, industrial and agricultural areas and their function and role enhanced.
    The material and technical foundations for education have been cemented, providing a sure guarantee for bringing about a fresh revolutionary turn in the educational work.
    An average of more than 1,000 intellectuals holding degrees and titles of academician, candidate academician, professor, doctor and associate professor and master have been produced every year since the 1970s. While their number was increasing, doctors and masters in their twenties and thirties were turned out in large numbers.
    The vitality of the theses is now more evidently proven in the practice of building a rich and powerful nation.
    The artificial earth satellite "Kwangmyongsong 1" was successfully launched with domestic technology, resources and efforts. And the go program was developed in Korean way, thus retaining the champion at the World Computer Go Championships for six consecutive times.
    Valuable research successes were made such as the technology of boosting the efficiency of hydropower turbine, the method of producing pure seeds of virus-free potatoes, and the fresh way of producing silk thread.
    The DPRK won the top prizes in succession at such international contests as the International Math Olympiad, international Russian and Chinese contests and the international piano and violin concours.

Japan's "Broader Asia" Initiative Assailed

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- The "Broader Asia" initiative advocated by Japanese Prime Minister Abe during his recent trips to Asian countries is, in essence, a variety of the idea of the "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere", observes Rodong Sinmun Tuesday in a signed commentary.
    It goes on:
    Abe claimed that the Asian countries and Japan enjoy "liberty and prosperity" and have "common view on value" and "common strategic interests". This is nothing but a modern version of the "spirit of universal brotherhood", the idea of reinvasion advocated by Tojo.
    Japan is set to make inroads deep into other Asian countries and realize its old dream of the "Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere", peddling "Broader Asia" initiative. It is, in essence, nothing but a wild ambition to contain the DPRK and China and establish the sphere of military domination in Asia and thus become its "leader." The "Broader Asia" initiative precisely means a scenario for overseas expansion and a theory of conquering Asia.
    Lurking behind Abe's assertion that Japan will render "cooperation" in all fields for regional integration is a sinister intention to step up economic infiltration into Asian countries, secure concessions and thus lay a springboard for overseas expansion.
    The Japanese reactionaries are working hard to win confidence of Asian countries through sugar-coated "diplomacy based on view on value" while persistently shelving the issue of redeeming Japan's past. "Money is all-cure." This is the conception of the above-said "diplomacy" of Japan.
    During his recent trips to Asian countries Abe talked a lot about "closer economic cooperation" and the like. It was the true intention of Abe to calm down the anti-Japanese sentiment of those countries that may stand in the way of bringing rich raw material resources under Japan's control and securing markets and pave a broad avenue for exploitation and plunder.
    The Japanese reactionaries, not content with denying and distorting Japan's past history of aggression, have become so reckless as to deny even the decision made by the international tribunal against the Japanese imperialists' war crimes.
    Japan has discarded the veil of the "pacifist state" which it professed for more than half a century after the Second World War, betraying its true colors as a warlike state for aggression and hegemonic force seeking to conquer Asia.
    Japan would be well advised to discard the anachronistic ambition to dominate Asia and truly strive to win confidence of the Asian people.

Rodong Sinmun on Kim Jong Il's Exploits for Korea's Reunification

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il is the peerlessly great man and outstanding leader of the Korean nation who opened up the June 15 era of reunification with his uncommon idea and leadership ability and high virtue and wisely guides the nation to the independent reunification and the future of a reunified great prosperous powerful nation, says Rodong Sinmun Tuesday in a signed article.
    Praising him as the peerless patriot who is wisely leading the movement for reunification with his iron will to accomplish the historic cause of national reunification in the present generation, the article goes on:
    His will for national reunification is the most vivid expression of the noble moral sense of obligation to President Kim Il Sung.
    His unshakable faith and will to surely achieve the cause of national reunification the President desired so much are fully comprehended in his historic work "Let Us Carry Out the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung's Instructions for National Reunification."
    In the work, he comprehensively systematized the undying exploits of the President who devoted all his life to the cause of national reunification. And he formulated as the three charters for Korea's reunification the three principles of national reunification, the ten-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation and the proposal for founding the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo advanced by the President, thus providing a strong pillar for reunification.
    Lauding him as the great lodestar of national reunification that is ensuring the victorious advance of the cause of independent reunification with his distinguished ideological and theoretical wisdom and leadership, the article further says:
    He set forth the five-point policy of great national unity, a programme for the great national unity in the era of independent reunification, by creditably carrying forward the President's Juche-oriented idea and line of national reunification. This provided another powerful weapon for the national unity and national reunification to the Koreans at home and abroad burning their hearts with desire for reunification and patriotism.
    He set the national unity as a main basis for Korea's reunification. To achieve this great unity of the entire nation, he pursues the all-embracing politics, the politics of embracing and uniting all Koreans who value and keep the spirit of the nation while loving the country and the nation, irrespective of ideas and systems, classes and strata.
    He reliably ensures the victorious cause of national reunification with his invincible great Songun politics.

Anniversary of Kim Il Sung's Work Marked

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- A national meeting took place at the People's Palace of Culture on Tuesday to mark the 30th anniversary of President Kim Il Sung's famous work "Theses on Socialist Education."
    Present there were Kim Yong Nam, Kim Yong Il and officials of party, armed forces organs and power bodies, ministries and national institutions, working people's organizations and the field of education and officials, teachers and researchers at schools of various levels.
    Choe Thae Bok, alternate member of the Political Bureau and secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, made a report at the meeting.
    He said that Kim Il Sung published "Theses on Socialist Education" on Sept. 5, Juche 66 (1977), providing a great programme for the Juche-oriented education, the programme most correctly indicating the way of training independent and creative human beings, the true way of socialist education. This marked a historic event of epochal significance in the development of education in the era of independence, the reporter noted, and went on:
    In the theses the President scientifically clarified that socialist education is, in essence, an undertaking to train people as independent and creative social beings and the aim of socialist education is to prepare people as genuine revolutionary intellectuals who have independence and creativity and gave comprehensive answers to the questions as to the contents and methods of education.
    The President wisely led the work to implement the theses, ushering in the great heyday in the development of Juche-oriented education, and worked heart and soul to develop this education till the last moments of his noble life.
    The President's idea of education and his cause of building Juche-oriented education have been successfully carried forward at a new higher level by Kim Jong Il, the reporter noted, and went on to say: The greatness of the ideas and leadership of the peerlessly great men who provided the revolutionary and original great programme for education and the tremendous vitality of the theses have been fully demonstrated in the educational practice over the past three decades.
    Juche has been firmly established in the education and the contents and methods of intellectual education and the education in science and technology have remarkably improved as required by the party policy and the IT age.
    The endeavors to raise the quality of the universal 11-year compulsory education resulted in improving the education in general basic science, foreign languages and basic technology, thereby enabling the younger generation to grow up to be able intellectuals possessed of a high level of secondary general knowledge and creative ability.
    As a result of the consolidation of the socialist educational system under the rays of the educational theses, the DPRK is now covered with a dense network of schools, turning the country into a land of learning where people are given opportunities to study all their lives and putting it on a high level where it can successfully realize the intellectualization of all members of society.
    The reporter called upon all officials and teachers to bring about fresh miracles and innovations in the education of the rising generation and thus thoroughly implement the behests of the President and uphold the Songun revolutionary leadership of Kim Jong Il with great achievements in education and scientific researches.

National Reunification Prize Awarded

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- The Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly conferred National Reunification Prize on Rim Tong Ok, Han Ung Sik, Pak Ryol, Yun Song Sik, Jong In Sok, Ri U Song, Jong In Bo, Jang Pyong Thae, Kim Jong Sik, Yun Kum Sok, An Hung Gap, Han Hak Su, Ri Jung Rak and Kim Yong Sul, who rendered distinguished service in the sacred cause of national reunification true to President Kim Il Sung and Kim Jong Il's idea of loving the country, the nation and the people, on the occasion of the 59th anniversary of the DPRK.
    A decree on awarding the prize was announced on August 25.

Masangjae Shows Military Arts of Korean Nation

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- Masangjae showing high military arts of the Korean nation has a long history.
    Masangjae means horse-riding stunt.
    It, which was called Mahui or Kokma, was a kind of military arts to cultivate courage and to quickly act in battles.
    The sagacious and patriotic Korean people practiced archery, sword-handling and horse-riding in earnest from the ancient times for the defence of the country.
    In particular, Masangjae was encouraged in the period of Koguryo where the trait of attaching importance to military arts was established. And it was further developed and enriched by Palhae, Koryo and Ri Dynasty.
    The horses for Masangjae were tall male ones with bright color.
    The saddle, stirrups and bridle were made of light and solid materials and gracefully decorated with gold, silver and silk fabrics.
    The Masangjae feats were slightly different according to the times. The main movements in the Ri Dynasty were very colorful. Among them were standing on one's feet, jumping over, standing on head and lying down across on the back of the riding horse.
    It was disseminated to various countries.
    Masangjae players of Korea, along with a mission, visited Japan in 1635 at the repeated requests of Tokugawa Shogunate. They showed varied and skilful horse-riding feats and movements, startling Japanese people.
    The scene is reflected well in the "Picture of Masangjae" drawn by Japanese painters at that time.
    The picture, preserved in the Koryo Fine Art Gallery in Kyoto, Japan, vividly shows Masangjae players' stunts and Japanese high-ranking bureaucrats and people extolling them.
    The Masangjae feats and its training method are being successfully carried forward by the horse-riding circus in the country today.

Kim Jong Il Enjoys Art Performance

   Pyongyang, September 4 (KCNA) -- General Secretary Kim Jong Il appreciated a performance given by the art group of families of servicemen of KPA unit 963.
    Put on the stage were chorus "Our country is the large family of Songun," trio and story-telling "We love," poem and story-telling "Legacy of soldier family," quintet to the accompaniment of musical instruments "Blue sky over my country," dramatic story-telling "Mother of soldiers," chorus "General is the destiny of the motherland" and other colorful numbers of various genres.
    The performers enthusiastically sang of their worthwhile life replete with the immense pride and self-esteem of acting as dignified women revolutionaries and optimism and joy and powerfully demonstrated the fixed faith and will and indomitable spirit of the families of the servicemen to devotedly defend the headquarters of the revolution and accomplish the revolutionary cause of Juche without fail while standing in the same trench with their husbands under arms.
    Kim Jong Il highly appreciated the successful performance given by the members of the art group of families of servicemen of the unit, greatly pleased with their presentation rich in ideological content and high in artistry.
    Among the audience were Secretary Kim Ki Nam, Department Director Kim Yang Gon and other senior officials of the WPK Central Committee and KPA commanding officers including KPA Generals Hyon Chol Hae, Kim Myong Guk and Ri Myong Su and KPA Colonel General Yun Jong Rin.

For Spanish-speaking people

Kim Jong Il y Kim Yong Nam reciben mensaje de Raul Castro Ruz

   Pyongyang, 4 de septiembre (ATCC) -- El Dirigente Kim Jong Il, Secretario General del Partido del Trabajo de Corea, Presidente del Comite de Defensa Nacional de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea y Comandante Supremo del Ejercito Popular de Corea, y Kim Yong Nam, Presidente del Presidium de la Asamblea Popular Suprema, recibieron un mensaje de felicitacion que les enviara el dia 3 Raul Castro Ruz, segundo secretario del Comite Central del Partido Comunista de Cuba y primer vicepresidente de los Consejos de Estado y de Ministros de la Republica de Cuba con motivo del 59o aniversario de la fundacion de la RPDC.
    El mensaje senala:
    En ocasion de conmemorarse el 59o aniversario de la fundacion de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea me complace extenderles a ustedes, al Partido del Trabajo de Corea, al pueblo y al gobierno coreanos, en nombre del Partido Comunista, del pueblo y del gobierno cubanos, nuestras fraternales felicitaciones.
    Al confirmarles la firme determinacion de seguir trabajando por fortalecer las relaciones de amistad y cooperacion entre nuestros pueblos, partidos y gobiernos, les reitero el testimonio de mi mas alta consideracion.

Kim Jong Il recibe presente de una entidad nepalesa

   Pyongyang, 4 de septiembre (ATCC) -- El Dirigente Kim Jong Il recibio presente que le dedicara la Fundacion Internacional de Cultura y Educacion de Nepal.
    El presidente de esta entidad nepalesa, Ek Nath Dhakal, de visita en Corea, lo entrego a un funcionario coreano.

Rodong Sinmun revela objetivo de gira de Abe por paises asiaticos

   Pyongyang, 4 de septiembre (ATCC) -- El proyecto de "Asia ampliada" preconizado por el premier japones Abe en su reciente gira por varios paises asiaticos es, en su esencia, una variante de la "esfera de coprosperidad de la gran Asia oriental".
    Asi senala el periodico Rodong Sinmun en un comentario individual del dia 4 y continua:
    Abe dijo que los paises asiaticos y Japon tienen la "libertad y la prosperidad", la "concepcion comun de valor" y los "intereses estrategicos comunes". Esto deviene la version contemporanea de la doctrina de Tojo "Todo el mundo es una familia", que sirve para nueva agresion.
    Ese pais isleno trata de penetrarse de manera activa en Asia bajo el pretexto de "Asia ampliada" para realizar su antiguo sueno de la "Esfera de coprosperidad de la gran Asia oriental". Esto es en su esencia una ilusion de convertirse en el "dueno" de Asia al contrarrestar a Corea y China y establecer la esfera de dominio militar sobre la region. Por tanto, el proyecto en cuestion es precisamente el plan de expansion a ultramar y la doctrina de conquista a Asia.
    La "cooperacion" activa por la integracion regional, de que hablo Abe, refleja su ambicion siniestra de fortalecer la penetracion economica en los paises asiaticos para asegurar sus concesiones y consolidar la base de expansion a ultramar.
    Los reaccionarios japoneses maniobran para eludir a toda costa la liquidacion del pasado criminal, por una parte, y, por la otra, tratan de conseguir la confianza al seducir a los paises asiaticos con la edulcorada "diplomacia de la concepcion de valor", segun la cual "El dinero lo decide todo".
    El verdadero proposito de la reciente visita de Abe a los paises asiaticos reside en apaciguar el sentimiento antijapones de los paises, que pueden obstaculizar la toma de los abundantes recursos de materias primas y los mercados de venta de mercancias de esa region, y en abrir el ancho camino de explotacion y pillaje.
    Hoy en dia, esos reaccionarios niegan y tergiversan la historia de agresion del pasado y no aceptan hasta la sentencia del tribunal internacional sobre los crimenes belicos de los imperialistas japoneses.
    Japon muestra abiertamente su naturaleza del Estado de agresion y fuerzas dominacionistas, que persiguen la conquista de Asia, quitandose la mascara del "Estado Pacifico", estatuto en que se mantuvo en mas de medio siglo despues del fin de la Segunda Guerra Mundial.
    Japon debe abandonar su anacronica ilusion de realizar la ambicion de dominar a Asia y esforzarse con sinceridad por recabar la confianza de los pueblos asiaticos.

Minju Joson denuncia aumento armamentista de Japon

   Pyongyang, 4 de septiembre (ATCC) -- En estos dias, los reaccionarios japoneses se entregan con frenesi a la modernizacion de armamentos y al aumento de las "fuerzas de autodefensa". Tales maniobras no se libran de modo esporadico en un sector separado sino de manera organizada segun una politica estatal.
    Asi revela con datos el periodico Minju Joson en un comentario individual del dia 4 y continua:
    Desde el punto de vista de la seguridad, actualmente en la region periferica de Japon no hay ningun pais que ejerce amenaza militar directa ni se da una situacion emergente. Por eso, no hay ninguna justificacion para hacer que Japon se dedicara a la modernizacion de armamentos y al aumento de las "fuerzas de autodefensa".
    Completar en un alto nivel los preparativos de agresion militarista a ultramar tras exacerbar al extremo la situacion de la region de Asia-Pacifico y concitar la carrera armamentista, he aqui la intencion verdadera de los reaccionarios japoneses.
    Las maniobras del fortalecimiento del poderio militar de los reaccionarios japoneses revelaron de por si que Japon es peligrosa fuerza belica agresiva y perturbador de la paz en Asia.
    @Los reaccionarios japoneses deben meditar de la grave consecuencia que emane de sus temerarias maniobras para convertirse en una potencia militar y poner inmediatamente fin a la politica de agresion militarista a ultramar.