DPRK Foreign Ministry; DPRK's Stand on Six-Party Talks Reclarified

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the DPRK Foreign Ministry Thursday released the following statement reclarifying the DPRK's stand on the six-party talks: The six-party talks for the solution to the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula have been deadlocked for the last more than six months.
    The joint statement adopted at the six-party talks is losing its attraction and the concern and expectation of the Koreans and the international community towards the talks are waning with the flow of time.
    Of late officials of the U.S. administration never open their mouths without crying out for the "resumption of the six-party talks." They bluster that Pyongyang needs to make a strategic decision and Washington is seeking a new approach toward the DPRK in a bid to build up public opinion.
    This, however, is bringing into bolder relief the U.S. true intention to torpedo the six-party talks, not pleased with their process.
    The U.S. has escalated sanctions and pressure on the DPRK quite contrary to what it had committed itself in the joint statement, thus preventing the DPRK from returning to the talks.
    We have already clarified more than once the stand that we can never return to the talks designed to pressurize the DPRK to abandon its nuclear program as long as sanctions are applied against it.
    If the U.S. truly wants the resumption of the six-party talks, there is a simple way of resuming them and the U.S. is well aware of this, too.
    At the first phase of the fifth round of the six-party talks held in November last year, the six parties agreed on reenergizing the bilateral and multi-lateral contacts among them to create an atmosphere favorable for the resumption of the second phase of the talks. But the U.S. has avoided contacts with the DPRK. It behaves so because it is interested only in pressurizing the DPRK to abandon its nuclear program first, not in the resumption of the talks.
    As the U.S. side failed to include its demand that the DPRK abandon its nuclear program first in the draft joint statement at the fourth round of the six-party talks last September, it objected to it till the last moment. But it was compelled to sign it by the persuasion of other parties.
    The adoption of the statement thus dashed the U.S. wild ambition to force the DPRK to abandon its nuclear program first.
    The U.S. knows well that it cannot persistently impose the same demand upon the DPRK at the future six-party talks as it did and it cannot but be censured by other parties if this happens.
    It is also well aware of the fact that it can not but attend the "give-and-take" negotiations on the normalization of relations with the DPRK, the conclusion of a peace agreement and the provision of light water reactors, etc. whether it likes them or not in case the talks are held.
    That would mean a concession to the DPRK, which would not please the hard-liners within the U.S. administration keen to tide over the current crisis with a hard-line approach and thus tip the situation favorable to them in the mid-term election slated for November.
    The DPRK remains unchanged in its stand and will to sincerely implement the joint statement of the six-party talks and denuclearize the Korean Peninsula.
    We will not need even a single nuclear weapon once we get convinced that the U.S. does not antagonize us and confidence is built between the DPRK and the U.S. and, accordingly, we are no longer exposed to the U.S. threat. This is what we have already clarified more than once.
    The DPRK has already made a strategic decision to abandon its nuclear program and this was reflected in the above-said joint statement.
    We are fully ready to discuss the issues of bilateral relations, peaceful coexistence, the conclusion of a peace agreement, the provision of light water reactors and other points mentioned in the statement along with the issue of abandoning the nuclear program on the principle of "simultaneous action".
    What remains to be done is for the U.S. to create conditions and climate whereby the DPRK may return to the talks and fulfill its commitment, free from any pressure.
    The U.S., however, conveyed its stand through the third party, far from having an exhaustive discussion with the DPRK, the party directly concerned with the issue. This behavior only added to the confusion rather than helping settle it.
    The U.S. has made a spate of incoherent outcries. One time it asserted the issue of financial sanctions is a separate matter from the six-party talks as it is one to be handled by law enforcement institutions and then it said that the issue can be dealt with within the framework of the six-party talks. And one time it said that the issue of concluding a peace agreement can be taken up in parallel with the nuclear issue and the other time it argued that it has no idea of advancing a new proposal for the resumption of the six-party talks.
    As for the issue of concluding the peace agreement, it is neither a sort of concession nor gift to be given by one side to the other as it is a commitment stipulated in the joint statement.
    The U.S. will never be able to find a way of solving the issue if it is so reluctant to sit with the party directly concerned with the issue, while expressing its intention to seek a negotiated settlement of such crucial issue as the nuclear issue.
    If the U.S. has a true political intention to implement the joint statement we kindly invite once again the head of the U.S. side's delegation to the talks to visit Pyongyang and directly explain it to us.
    It is absolutely unattainable for the U.S. to try to force the DPRK to dismantle its nuclear program first through financial supremacy and sanctions.
    The socialist system in the DPRK will never be shaken by the U.S. "financial sanctions" as the DPRK has its unique single-minded unity based on the Songun politics and independent national economy.
    But we will certainly force the U.S. to compensate for the financial loss caused to the DPRK.
    The past more than five decade-long history proves U.S. sanctions unworkable and, on contrary, they have offered the DPRK a good reason to take the toughest stand and that will do it nothing bad.
    The U.S. escalated hostile policy and increasing pressure upon the DPRK would only compel it to take the strongest measures to protect its right to existence and sovereignty.

Korean People's Just Cause Supported

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- A declaration adopted at the annual meeting of the Executive Committee of the World Peace Council held in Brazil between May 18 and 20 expressed support to the Korean people in their struggle for the reunification of the country. The WPC supports the independent and peaceful reunification of Korea and extends solidarity to the Korean people in their struggle against the U.S. forces' presence in south Korea, it noted.

Indian Embassy Officials Help Korean Farmers

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Indian Ambassador to the DPRK N. T. Khankhup and embassy officials Wednesday helped members of the Korea-India Friendship Kalchon Co-operative Farm in farm work. The guests helped farmers in maize field weeding.
    During break they appreciated an art performance given by schoolchildren and conversed with farmers, deepening the friendship.
    The ambassador said that they were pleased to visit the friendship farm and give helping hands to farmers, adding that they would make positive efforts to boost the friendly and cooperative relations between India and Korea.
    The Indian people will extend firm solidarity to the Korean people in their just cause in the future, too, he noted, wishing the farmers great success in the agricultural production this year.
    The embassy officials handed aid materials to the farm that day.

Round-Table Talks Held with Belgian Woman Lawyer

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Round-table talks with Belgian woman lawyer Marie-Louise Moerens and her party on a visit to the DPRK took place at the People's Palace of Culture on May 31. Present at the talks were officials of the Korean Democratic Lawyers Association and the Korean Association for the Study of Human Rights, witnesses and victims of crimes committed by the U.S. imperialist aggressor forces against Koreans during the Fatherland Liberation War and media persons here.
    Marie-Louise Moerens reminded the attendants that she visited the DPRK as a member of the fact-finding group of the International Association of Democratic Lawyers in 1952.
    At that time the group worked out a report on the U.S. crimes in Korea after visiting Pyongyang and Nampho and other cities and villages, hospitals and schools and presented it to the UN, which evoked a lively international response, she noted, and went on to say:
    I had an opportunity to attend a hearing on the U.S. imperialists' monstrous crimes during the Korean War held in Paris, France, in June last year at which I also testified to their crimes committed against Koreans.
    She condemned the GIs for staging germ and chemical warfare against innocent peaceable civilians, saying she feels as if she were still hearing angry voices of those who narrowly survived the massacres during the war and other victims and witnesses.
    Choe Ki Ok, a victim of the U.S. crimes, who made a testimony before the group during its visit to the DPRK, Ri Myong Ho who accompanied the group at that time and Han Yong Sim, permanent member of the Korean Association for the Study of Human Rights, referred to such barbarous mass killings committed by the U.S. imperialist aggressor forces against guiltless civilians in various parts of the northern half of Korea as indiscriminately shooting and burning them to death and burying them alive.
    They described the above-said crimes committed by the U.S. imperialist aggressor forces in gross violation of international law as unprecedented barbarism against humanity that baffled human imagination.
    The Belgian lawyer answered the questions put by reporters at the round-table talks.

World No Tobacco Day Observed in DPRK

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- An event was held at the People's Palace of Culture Wednesday on the occasion of the World No Tobacco Day. Present there were Vice-Minister of Public Health Choe Chang Sik, officials in the field of public health in Pyongyang, officials of ministries, national institutions and working people in the city, and Tej Walia, representative of the WHO here, staff members of missions of international organizations and diplomatic envoys of various countries here.
    Choe Chang Sik in his opening address said that multifarious events are taking place across the country on the World No Tobacco Day and there is growing social concern for the no smoking campaign.
    This time the WHO designated the theme that tobacco is fatal to health in spite of any form of disguise, said Choe, underscoring the need for all the smokers to heighten their vigilance against smoking, well aware that it is extremely harmful to human body and the sale of all tobacco products should be strictly controlled.
    All the smokers should make positive efforts to quit smoking, bearing deep in mind the destructive impact smoking has on health and socio-economic life, he urged.
    Tej Walia in his speech referred to the adverse impact of smoking on human body, stressing the need to take more strict measures to adjust and control the sale of tobacco products and smoking.
    He said that the goal of the WHO is to reduce the number of smokers and protect the health of people.
    Then the floor was taken by Ri Yon Ok, director of the Office for the Management of Medical Plants in Sosong District, Pyongyang, who introduced her experience gained in conducting researches into nutritious food good for quitting smoking and manufacturing it and thereby contributing to the promotion of health of people.
    The participants watched Korean scientific film "Nutritious Tablets for Quitting Smoking" before looking round photos showing the harmful effect of smoking on human body and its consequences, information service on its harmful effects, photos showing diverse forms of no-smoking campaigns and "Nutritious Tablets for Quitting Smoking" on display.
    Similar events took place across the country on the same day.

Settlement of "Comfort Women" Issue Urged in S. Korea

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- The 710th Wednesday rally for settlement of the issue of "comfort women for the imperial Japanese army" was reportedly sponsored by the Council for the Solution of the Issue of the "Volunteers Corps" in south Korea on May 24. A statement made public at the rally said that the struggle of victims and civic and public organizations urging Japan to make an official apology and compensation for the past unethical crimes has been continued for 15 years, but Japan is taking the road of militarism while beautifying and justifying its crimes.
    Noting that Japan is working hard to provoke a war on the Korean Peninsula in league with the United States, it stressed that they would fight against the U.S. and Japan hell-bent on the war preparations, together with the victims of the "comfort women" case who fight for peace against war.

Massive Turnout in Reunification Movement Urged

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Terming the movement for national reunification a just patriotic movement to put an end to the domination and interference of outside forces and achieve the peace and reunification of the country, Rodong Sinmun in an article today says: If this movement is to be pushed forward in high gear, all the Koreans should turn out on a nation-wide scale in the patriotic movement for national reunification, irrespective of ideology, political view and religious belief, class and social standing. The author of the article continues:
    National reunification cannot be achieved only by the efforts of the authorities, a few politicians or individual figures. Only when all the Koreans at home and abroad massively turn out in the movement for reunification, the common cause of the nation, shelving all the differences in ideology and class, can this cause make headway and emerge victorious, wrestling with tests and difficulties of all descriptions.
    The realities today require all the Koreans at home and overseas to come out in the movement for national reunification with a higher sense of responsibility.
    The United States has gone past control in its criminal moves to throw a snag in the way of the development of the inter-Korean relations and the vigorous advance of the reunification movement. The U.S. imperialists are running about without discretion to provoke the second Korean war, while trying to arrest the trend of the June 15 era in which the Koreans are advancing to reconciliation, unity and reunification.
    Timing to coincide with the persistent anti-DPRK moves of the U.S., the pro-U.S. conservative forces of south Korea headed by the Grand National Party are doing everything in their power to gratify their wild ambition to return to power and go back to the past days of inter-Korean confrontation.
    The nation-wide patriotic movement for reunification serves as the very force to frustrate the challenges and disturbances of the forces against reunification at home and abroad. If all the fellow countrymen at home and abroad turn out as one in the patriotic movement for reunification under the banner of the June 15 joint declaration, they can continue to victoriously push forward the cause of national reunification, no matter how desperate the anti-reunification moves of the U.S. and the GNP band may get.
    The reunification movement of the Korean nation is a movement for independent reunification, peace against war and great national unity. Herein lie the way of the movement for national reunification and its invincible might.

Time-honored Pyongyang

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Pyongyang, the DPRK, has the longest history as the capital city in the world. People have inhabited Pyongyang, with all the natural elements needed for human existence, from more than a million years ago.
    Tangun, ancestral father of the Korean nation who was born in Pyongyang, founded Kojoson (ancient Korea), the first state of Korea, in the early 30th century BC and set up the capital here.
    In recent years since the tomb of King Tangun was discovered and his remains were scientifically identified, sites of castles and villages, tombs and others belonging to the period of Tangun's Korea have been found out in the Pyongyang area. All the relics clearly show the state character of Kojoson and prove that Pyongyang was not only the first town but the capital of the country.
    For several thousands of years from then, Pyongyang had remained as the capital of Kojoson.
    Koguryo, a powerful country (277 BC - 668 AD), built Pyongyang as a large-scale capital commensurate with its vast territory and powerful strength, with the result that it had existed as the hub of the country for over 240 years.
    Pyongyang had been the capital or the second capital of Korean feudal states for nearly 4,000 years as it had all political, economic and military conditions favorable for its existence, management and defence. During the period it was called Puruna, Wanggomsong, Sogyong, Sodo, Ryugyong and the like. And it abounds with historical and cultural remains.
    Pyongyang, with time-honored history, is dear to the world progressives as the capital of revolution.

Stabilized Chlorine Dioxide Developed

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Scientists in the Basic Science Center under Kim Il Sung University have recently made stabilized chlorine dioxide efficacious for oral diseases. They have already developed chlorine dioxide, a broad spectrum, strong and safe sterilizing disinfectant. They have succeeded in making stabilized chlorine dioxide at the end of the intensified research into applying it to the treatment oral diseases.
    Its clinical application to many patients shows that it is very effective for sterilizing or deactivating germs in the mouth and for removing foul breath.
    When rinsing the mouth with the detergent of chlorine dioxide (0.005-0.2 percent) its effect lasts for over three hours.
    Stabilized chlorine dioxide is also very powerful in sterilizing pathogens of oral diseases including streptococcus and antinomyces. It kills more than 99 percent of germs of teeth within ten minutes.

Greetings to Italian President

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Kim Yong Nam, president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, Thursday sent a message of greetings to President of Italy Giorgio Napolitano on the occasion of its national day. In the belief that the cooperative ties between the two countries would grow stronger in the future, the message wished the Italian people progress and prosperity.

Gift to Kim Jong Il from Chavez

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Leader Kim Jong Il was presented with a gift by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez Frias. The gift was conveyed to an official concerned by Vice-Minister Alcides Daniel Rondon Rivero who is leading the Venezuelan Foreign Ministry delegation on a visit to the DPRK.

International Children's Day Celebrated

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- A friendship gathering took place at the Mangyongdae Fun Fair on Thursday with children and women in Pyongyang and foreign children and women attending on the occasion of the 56th International Children's Day. Present there were Yang Hyong Sop, vice-president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, Kim Jung Rin, secretary of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea, Ryu Mi Yong, chairperson of the Central Committee of the Korean Chondoist Chongu Party, and others.
    Present on invitation were wives of foreign ambassadors, foreign children and women including women of foreign embassies here and overseas compatriots staying in the homeland.
    Pak Sun Hui, chairperson of the Central Committee of the Korean Democratic Women's Union, made a congratulatory speech.
    A rhythmic exercise and calisthenics were performed by children. Then Korean and foreign children enjoyed sports and amusement games such as jumping over flower-strewn rope, ball catching, toy picking and tug-of-war.
    At the end of the games all participants had a dance, deepening the friendship.

International Children's Day Observed in DPRK

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Art performances and colorful sports and amusement games were held by children in different parts of the DPRK today to significantly commemorate the international children's day. Children in Pyongyang held sports and amusement games at the Mangyongdae Fun Fair and other parks, recreation grounds, nurseries and kindergartens.
    The Korean children participating in a joint friendly gathering at the Mangyongdae Fun Fair played interesting holiday games together with children of different countries.
    The kindergartens, nurseries, parks and recreation grounds in Mangyongdae District, Central District, Moranbong District, Pothonggang District and other districts and counties were astir with sports and amusement games of children.
    Happy laughters and songs of Korean children were ringing out from every nook and corner of the country including the Ponbu kindergarten in Sinuiju City, North Phyongan Province which has brought up talented children, a nursery of the Kim Chaek Steel Complex and a kindergarten of the Ryongsong Machine Complex and Phyongsong orphanage in South Phyongan Province.

Kim Jong Il Inspects KPA Unit 294

   Pyongyang, June 1 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission, inspected KPA Unit 294. He acquainted himself with the unit's performance of duty before looking round the room devoted to the unit's history.
    He highly appreciated the exploits performed by the unit in the past, noting that it has traversed a path of victory and glory, glorifying the great tradition and history of the single-minded unity in the strong spirit of devotedly defending the leader.
    He learned about how the unit organizes the training and implements its program, going round the operation command room and military lecture rooms.
    He set forth tasks to be tackled to further increase the unit's combat capability, expressing satisfaction over the fact that it has fully prepared its servicepersons as a-match-for-a hundred fighters by organizing all work with main emphasis on the training and has registered successes by steadily pushing forward the work to improve the commanding officers' and staffs' organization of operations and battles and boost their ability.
    Making the rounds of a servicepersons' hall, a library and various other places, he praised the unit for having brought about a new turn in their education by securing all means necessary for their ideological and cultural education and making a regular use of them.
    Watching cosy barracks standing in a dense forest and its compound kept neat and tidy, he expressed great satisfaction with the fact that it has set a fine example in commanding and managing the unit by enlisting the creative enthusiasm of the soldiers.
    The KPA servicepersons are living well off after building well their posts wherever they are stationed, be it a deep mountain or a solitary island, he said, adding that this signal turn in the era of Songun clearly proves the ideological and moral power of the KPA.
    He had a photograph taken with the servicepersons of the unit.

For Spanish-speaking people

Kim Jong Il inspecciona subunidad de la Unidad no. 4318 del EPC

   Pyongyang, 1 de junio (ATCC) -- El Comandante Supremo Kim Jong Il, Secretario General del Partido del Trabajo de Corea y Presidente del Comite de Defensa Nacional de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea, inspecciono una subunidad adscrita a la Unidad no. 4318 del Ejercito Popular de Corea. Tras averiguar el cumplimiento del deber por esta, se cercioro de las condiciones generales de vida, inclusive la estructura del dormitorio, la calefaccion y la cria de ganados, recorriendo varios lugares, tales como, la sala de educacion, el dormitorio, el comedor, la cocina, el deposito de alimentos subsidiarios, el bano y el corral.
    Luego, presento las tareas para mejorar la administracion de la subunidad y el trabajo de la intendencia.
    Por ultimo, tomo una fotografia de recuerdo junto con los militares de aqui.

Movimiento por la reunificacion de la patria

   Pyongyang, 1 de junio (ATCC) -- El movimiento por la reunificacion de la patria deviene la justa lucha patriotica por acabar con la dominacion e intervencion de las fuerzas foraneas y lograr la paz y la reintegracion territorial del pais. Para ponerlo en pleno despliegue, toda la nacion coreana debe incorporarse a esta magna causa por encima de las diferencias de ideologias, ideales, criterios politicos, creencias religiosas, clases y capas.  Asi senala el diario Rodong Sinmun en un articulo individual del dia primero y prosigue:
     La reunificacion de la patria no puede ser lograda con las fuerzas de las autoridades o unos politicos y personalidades. Solo cuando todos los coreanos dentro y fuera del pais participen en la causa comun nacional para la reunificacion dejando a un lado las diferencias ideologicas y clasistas, esta podra avanzar y llegar a feliz termino tras superar multiples vicisitudes.
     La realidad de hoy demanda a todos los coreanos levantarse con mas responsabilidad en el movimiento en cuestion.
     En la actualidad, llegan al tope las maniobras criminales de EE.UU. encaminadas a detener el desarrollo de las relaciones intercoreanas y el avance impetuoso del citado movimiento.
     Para este fin, el imperio intenta bloquear la corriente de la epoca del 15 de junio hacia la reconciliacion, la unidad y la reunificacion a base del ideal de "entre nosotros, los connacionales" y desencadenar la segunda guerra coreana.
     Coincidiendo con estas maniobras contra la RPDC, el "partido Hannara" y otras fuerzas conservadoras proyanquis del Sur de Corea hacen los esfuerzos posibles por realizar su ambicion de retoma del poder y reproducir el pasado de confrontacion con el Norte de Corea.
     La fuerza capaz de superar los desafios y las maniobras obstructoras de las fuerzas anti-reunificacion en el pais y en el extranjero reside en el gigantesco movimiento patriotico por la reunificacion. Cuando toda la nacion coreana se levante como un solo hombre en esta empresa bajo la bandera de la Declaracion Conjunta del 15 de Junio, podra seguir impulsandola victoriosamente, por muy siniestras que sean las maniobras anti-reunificacion de EE.UU. y los compinches del "partido Hannara".
     Hoy dia, la nacion coreana desarrolla los tres movimientos patrioticos por la reunificacion independiente, por la paz contra la guerra y por la gran unidad nacional que devienen la ruta y lo inquebrantable del movimiento por la reunificacion de la patria.

CMP apoya la justa causa del pueblo coreano

   Pyongyang, 1 de junio (ATCC) -- En la declaracion aprobada en la asamblea general anual de su comite ejecutivo, sesionada entre el 18 y 20 de mayo en Brasil, el Consejo Mundial de la Paz (CMP) expreso su solidaridad con la lucha del pueblo coreano por la reunificacion del pais. Segun el texto, esta entidad apoya la reunificacion independiente y pacifica de Corea y se solidariza con el pueblo coreano que lucha contra la ocupacion del Sur de Corea por las tropas norteamericanas.

Acto por "Dia Mundial Sin Fumar"

   Pyongyang, 1 de junio (ATCC) -- Tuvo lugar el 31 de mayo en el capitalino Palacio Cultural del Pueblo un acto dedicado al "Dia Mundial Sin Fumar", con la asistencia del viceministro de Salud Publica Choe Chang Sik, funcionarios sanitarios de esta capital y de los ministerios y organos centrales, trabajadores capitalinos, el representante de la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud (OMS) Tej Walia, miembros de las representaciones de organizaciones internacionales y representantes diplomaticos de varios paises, acreditados en Corea. Choe Chang Sik, al pronunciar un discurso inaugural, refirio que en todas las localidades del pais tienen lugar diversas actividades dedicadas al "Dia Mundial Sin Fumar" y apunto que crece de dia en dia la atencion social a no fumar.
    La OMS presento la tematica de que el tabaco en cualquier forma siempre resulta nocivo, senalo y anadio que los fumadores deben tomar conciencia de que el cigarro dana su salud y todos los productos de tabaco deben someterse a un estricto control.
    Bien conscientes de la devastadora influencia de tabaco a la vida socio-economica, todos los fumadores deben esforzarse activamente por abstenerse de este vicio.
    A su vez, Tej se refirio a la influencia negativa de la fuma al cuerpo humano y subrayo la necesidad de intensificar las medidas de control sobre los fumadores y los productos de tabaco.
    Nuestra meta es disminuir el numero de los fumadores y proteger la salud de seres humanos, asevero.
    Acto seguido, fueron escuchadas las experiencias de la jefa de la Oficina Administrativa de Hierbas Medicinales del capitalino municipio de Sosong, Ri Yon Ok, quien contribuyo al fomento de la salud del pueblo al inventar un alimento que posibilita dejar de fumar.
    Los participantes vieron el documental cientifico coreano "Pildora nutritiva Kumyon (no fumar)" y las fotos alusivas a los efectos nocivos del tabaco al cuerpo humano, las actividades propagandisticas sobre el particular y las actividades de distintas formas para la abstencion de fumar, y vieron dichas tabletas.
    El "Dia Mundial Sin Fumar" se celebro tambien en otras localidades del pais.