U.S. Aerial Espionage against DPRK

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- The U.S. imperialists committed at least 170 cases of aerial espionage against the DPRK by strategic and tactical reconnaissance planes of different missions in May, according to military sources. The aerial espionage has been committed by U-2s almost every day. On May 8 and 19, two U-2s each committed espionage on the strategic objects of the DPRK while making a shuttle flight in the sky above 120 km west of Tokjok Islet and 70 km east of Phochon and Sokcho.
    On May 2 and 3, E-3 conducted espionage on the area of the DPRK side along the forefront while commanding the flying corps in war exercises. EP-3 searched the coastal area and seabed of the DPRK while flying in the sky above the East Sea and West Sea of Korea on May 1 and 3.
    More than five tactical reconnaissance planes of different missions including RC-12 and RC-7B on a daily average were involved in aerial espionage on military objects of the DPRK side.

Chairman of Syrian Youth Union Interviewed

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- I really envy the Korean youths who are under the leadership of Kim Jong Il. Adnan Arbash, chairman of the Revolutionary Youth Union of Syria, on a visit to Korea said this in an interview with KCNA on May 29 prior to his return home.
    He noted that he was deeply moved to see the Korean people working hard to build a great prosperous powerful nation under the Songun leadership of Kim Jong Il.
    The Korean people have built many monumental edifices of the Songun era in different parts of the country, bravely overcoming manifold difficulties though they were hard pressed for everything, he said, and went on:
    The achievements made by them in socialist construction were attributable to the ever-victorious Songun politics of Kim Jong Il who is well versed in political, economic, military and all other fields and is leading the Korean army and people to victory.
    The Youth Hero Motorway proudly built by Korean young people with bare hands is a brilliant fruition of the warm love and deep trust of Kim Jong Il who values and loves them most and puts them forward as a vanguard, a shock brigade in building a great prosperous powerful nation.
    The Revolutionary Youth Union of Syria will in the future, too, extend full support and solidarity to the Korean people and youths in their vigorous efforts for building a great prosperous powerful socialist nation.

Chinese Embassy Officials Help Korean Farmers

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Wu Donghe, Chinese ambassador to the DPRK, and embassy officials Tuesday helped the Korea-China Friendship Thaekam Co-operative Farm. They gave a helping hand to the farmers hastening the immediate farm work in rice-transplantation.
    Then they went round the friendship room newly built on the farm and chatted with officials of the farm, deepening the sentiments of friendship.
    The ambassador said leader Kim Jong Il was showing deep concern for agricultural production and hoped that the farmers would reap a rich crop this year by making a better farming under his leadership.
    The embassy officials handed aid materials to the farm.

Kim Jong Il Highly Praised

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Aleksandra Permyakova, head and manager of the Russian State Academic People's Chorus Named after M.E. Pyatnichki which had given performances in Pyongyang and local areas of the DPRK, was interviewed by KCNA at the airport Tuesday before leaving for home. Recollecting the joy and excitement at meeting with leader Kim Jong Il, she said he met with the chorus and appreciated its performance, busy as he was with the affairs of the state.
    I was really amazed by the deep interest shown by him not only in modern art but in folk art, she said, adding: Our performance was highly praised by him. This was a great encouragement to the members of the chorus.
    She further said:
    We will show greater zeal in our folk art activities for friendship with the Korean people and peace. I once again extend heartfelt thanks to Kim Jong Il who saw the performance of the chorus and congratulated it on its successful performance.

S. Korean Electors Urged Not to Vote for Candidates from GNP

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- The Federation of Koreans in the U.S. reportedly issued an appeal on May 27 urging the south Korean people not to vote for even a single candidate from the "Grand National Party" in the "election to the local self-governing bodies" as it is now being censured for acting as a "political party of a foreign country" in a desperate bid to scrap the June 15 joint declaration. They should not allow the GNP to win a landslide victory in the "election" under any circumstances because it has worked hard to annul the June 15 joint declaration, totally denying its spirit and principles, the appeal noted, and continued:
    The GNP has unhesitatingly perpetrated any act of treachery to carry out its strategy. In case the GNP wins a sweeping victory, it will mean a disaster for the Korean nation.
    The GNP is a group of conservative forces keen to revive its past history characterized by dictatorship, tyranny, irregularities and corruption and swindle and a group of anti-national and anti-reunification forces as they have worked hard to chill the desire and efforts of the fellow countrymen to implement the joint declaration.
    Noting that the joint declaration precisely means a rosy future of the Korean nation, the appeal called upon the electors to cast their ballots for those candidates who would dedicate themselves to the implementation of the joint declaration.

Halt to Infringement on Human Rights in Phyongthaek Urged

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Members of the civic and public organizations including the "group for the investigation into violence and encroachment upon human rights in Phyongthaek" reportedly held a press conference in Seoul on May 25 to demand a halt to the human rights violations now being committed in Phyongthaek, the site planned for the expansion of the U.S. military base. Speakers there strongly demanded that the military and police forces pull out of Taechu-ri and Todu-ri as early as possible as they regard inhabitants there as "enemy".

S. Korean People Urged to Discharge Their Responsibility to Nation

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Minju Joson Wednesday carries a commentary with regard to the "election to local self-governing bodies" scheduled all over south Korea today. Calling upon the south Korean people, mindful of their responsibility to the nation, to take part in the poll without exception and turn all the polling booths into courts of judgment on the "Grand National Party", the analyst says:
    The "election" is, in essence, an acute showdown between the pro-June 15 forces and the anti-June 15 forces. The GNP is the stronghold of the anti-June 15 forces.
    The GNP, prolonging its days on bread crumb falling from Washington's table, is trumpeting about its "certain victory" in the "election" through the ultra right conservative media. Hidden behind this is its crafty scheme to lead the forces for progressive reforms standing behind the June 15 joint declaration to give the match up in the voting.
    What the GNP is most afraid of is judgment by the broad popular masses. The miserable defeat suffered by it in two "presidential elections" and the last "election to the national assembly" resulted from the stern judgment passed on it by the broad popular masses participating in the voting. The advertisement of "a sweeping victory" at every polling booth is what it invented to make the people abstain from voting at any cost. If the south Korean people stay away form voting, playing into its hand and losing confidence, the GNP which attaches more importance to the U.S. than the fellow countrymen will grab "local self-governing bodies" and use them for seizing "power".
    Whether such development is checked or not depends on how the south Korean people exercise their right to vote.
    Today when the highly important issue related to the life and death of the nation is decided, the south Korean people should fulfill their obligation to the nation.

Anniversary of Kim Il Sung's Work Observed

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- President Kim Il Sung's famous work "Historical Experience of Building the Workers' Party of Korea" is a great encyclopedia for party construction as it comprehensively deals with the precious experience gained in the building of the party and its activities and exploits performed in the long period since a historic groundwork was laid for the founding of the WPK. The work has also served as important guidelines clearly indicating the ways for the WPK to successfully fulfill its mission and duty in the era as a guide of socialism. Rodong Sinmun today says this in a signed article dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the work.
    The WPK is Kim Il Sung's great party because it has been trained in the crucible of the struggles waged for over half a century and has grown stronger to be an invincible party which has enjoyed the undisputed support and trust of the people under the wise leadership of the President, the article notes, and goes on:
    What is important among the immortal exploits the President performed by creating a model of a revolutionary party in the era is that he built the WPK into an independent Party guided by the Juche idea and a militant Party strong in the sense of organization and discipline in such a far-sighted manner that it can successfully carry forward its cause generation after generation.
    The idea and leadership of the President have been steadfastly carried forward by leader Kim Jong Il. The 40 odd year-long history of his leadership over the Party work is shinning as an immortal history in which he has developed it into the party of the President.
    The last more than one decade occupies a distinguished place in the revolutionary history of Kim Jong Il who has led the cause of building the WPK. He has performed great immortal exploits by developing the WPK into an invincible militant Party and a powerful party making dynamic progress under the banner of Songun despite any hardships under the grave situation.

Stand of Chinese Party and Government to Boost Relations with DPRK Reiterated

   Beijing, May 30 (KCNA) -- Premier of the State Council of China Wen Jiabao who is member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the C.C., the Communist Party of China met and had a friendly talk with DPRK Foreign Minister Paek Nam Sun and his party in Zhongnanhai here on Tuesday. The premier said that General Secretary Kim Jong Il's visit to China and President Hu Jintao's visit to the DPRK in recent years gave a powerful impetus to the friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries.
    China and the DPRK are friendly neighbors with mountain and river in between, he said, adding that it is the unshakable stand of the Chinese party and government to boost friendly and cooperative relations with the DPRK, which conforms with the interests of the two peoples.
    The Chinese party and government, he said, are rejoiced over the achievements made by the Korean people in political, economic, cultural and several other fields under the leadership of Kim Jong Il. The premier wholeheartedly wished the Korean people a greater advance in the future.

Ri Po Ik, Grandmother of Kim Il Sung

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Ri Po Ik, born on May 31, 1876, was an ardent patriot who saw off her children and grandchildren on the road to revolution and remained true to the principles of the revolutionary family of Mangyongdae and the spirit of the Korean nation in any adversity. She, grandmother of President Kim Il Sung, willingly devoted her life to the care of her children and grandchildren, who fought a bloody battle for national liberation.
    She was never disappointed at the news that her children were put into jail and when she did not know their fate. She saw off her grandchildren on the very road covered by her elder son and unyieldingly fought against the Japanese imperialists.
    It was in a winter in the latter half of the 1930s when the Japanese imperialists let renegades to the revolution launch a massive campaign for "surrender" against the Korean People's Revolutionary Army. They resorted to every possible means to inveigle her into the campaign.
    The Japanese imperialists failed to bend her strong will with any appeasement, blackmail and threat. They forced her in her sixties into the blizzards of Manchuria where the temperature was around 40 degrees below zero.
    She shouted at the enemies that she could not enter mountains as it was cold and she was tired. When they served Japanese dishes to her, she demanded them of Korean dishes.
    After then they forced her again to go to rugged mountains of North Jiandao. She overcame all hardships with fortitude for months without yielding to the enemies like a mother and a grandmother of revolutionaries.
    The upright life of Ri owes to her invariable faith that the struggle for sovereignty of the nation is just and sure to be crowned with victory.

Number of Smokers Decreases in DPRK

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- No-smoking campaign has been actively conducted in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. According to Choe Chang Sik, vice minister of Public Health, the smoking rate of the country went down by about 15 percent at present below 2000.
    The government has set itself the goal of reducing the smoking rate to 30 percent by 2010 and further tightened the control over cigarettes while paying greater attention to the campaign.
    The DPRK enacted the Smoking Control Law to make a legal foundation for no-smoking campaign.
    According to the law, no-smoking places have been expanded, cigarettes are strictly banned to sell to children and smokers are denied the quality of entering universities.
    In order to decrease the smoking rate through such levers as cultivation, production and sale of tobacco, ties with tobacco producers and sellers have been made closer.
    In particular, various methods and means including smoking-quit pills and smoking-quit pipes are being developed to help those give up smoking.
    The anti-smoking campaign is further invigorated through mass media, art propaganda activities and health lectures.
    A function was held at the People's Palace of Culture Wednesday on the occasion of the World No Tobacco Day, at which good experience in giving up smoking was introduced.

Whole Country Turns out in Rice-transplantation

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- All the efforts are being mobilized and concentrated on rice-transplantation this year again in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. The entire people, in hearty response to the call of the Workers' Party of Korea, are all out in rice-transplantation with revolutionary optimism and resolution to reap a bumper harvest.
    The agricultural working people, with a high degree of responsibility for taking in charge of the granary of the country, are doing their bit to support the Party and socialism with increased agricultural production in the Songun era.
    The Central Committee of the Union of Agricultural Workers of Korea has set up guidance offices for socialist emulation in the affiliated national, city and county organizations and organized groups for promoting and judging the emulation in the co-op farms in order to inspire the agricultural working people to rice-transplantation.
    Servicepersons of the Korean People's Army, the driving force of the Songun revolution, are also taking the lead in the rice-seedling transplantation, too. They are doing the labor-consuming farm work in the fighting spirit of the revolutionary army in order to successfully carry out rice-transplantation governing the year's farming in time. They are also harrowing fields and pulling rice-seedlings from early morning.
    Meanwhile, officials in the ministries and national institutions including the Ministry of Land and Marine Transport, Ministry of City Management, Agency of Service for Overseas Compatriots and Central Bank stand in the van of the material and labor support to rural communities. Among the helpers are those from institutions of all levels, industrial establishments and neighborhood units.
    Artistes from Pyongyang and local areas and health workers are also conducting art propaganda and medical service activities on the spot, encouraging agricultural working people and helpers in rice-transplantation.
    Extra passenger trains are made up every day for the ever-increasing helpers.
    All the sectors of the national economy give top priority to the supply of manpower, equipment and materials needed for rice-transplantation.

Wreaths Laid before Grave of Ri Po Ik

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Wreaths were laid before the grave of ardent patriot Ri Po Ik in Mangyongdae Wednesday on the occasion of her 130th birth anniversary. Standing before her grave was a wreath sent by Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People's Army.
    Honor guards of the KPA lined up before her grave.
    Present at the wreath-laying ceremony were Ri Yong Mu, Yang Hyong Sop, Choe Yong Rim, Kim Ki Nam, Kim Jung Rin, Vice-Premier of the Cabinet Kwak Pom Gi, Chairman of the C.C., the Korean Social Democratic Party Kim Yong Dae, officials of party and power organs, ministries and national institutions, servicepersons of the KPA and working people in the city.
    Amid the playing of the wreath-laying music, wreaths were placed in the name of the WPK Central Committee, working people's organizations, ministries, national institutions, military academies, scientific, educational and press organs, and party and power bodies and farms in Pyongyang.
    The participants observed a moment's silence, looking back on the noble life of Ri Po Ik who brought up President Kim Il Sung as the sun of the nation and helped her family members to take the road of revolution so as to glorify the lineage of Mangyongdae generation after generation and devoted all her life to the country and the people.

Talks between DPRK and Chinese FMs

   Beijing, May 30 (KCNA) -- Talks between DPRK Foreign Minister Paek Nam Sun and Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing took place here Tuesday. At the talks both sides informed each other of the situation in their countries and exchanged views on the matter of boosting the traditional DPRK-China friendship and international issues of common concern.
    The talks proceeded in a comradely and friendly atmosphere.
    Present there from the DPRK side were the entourage of the foreign minister and DPRK Ambassador to China Choe Jin Su and from the Chinese side officials concerned.
    The Chinese foreign minister hosted a reception for the DPRK foreign minister and his party Tuesday.

Kim Jong Il Inspects KPA Sub-Unit

   Pyongyang, May 31 (KCNA) -- Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission, inspected a sub-unit of KPA Unit 4318. He acquainted himself with the sub-unit's performance of duty.
    Making the rounds of an educational room, a bedroom, a mess hall, a kitchen, a non-staple food store, a wash-cum-bath house, a barn and other places, he learned about all aspects of its soldiers' life ranging from the structure of their bed rooms and heating conditions to raising domestic animals and set forth tasks to be tackled to improve the management of the sub-unit and the supply service.
    He had a photograph taken with the servicepersons of the sub-unit.

For Spanish-speaking people

Kim Jong Il inspecciona la unidad no. 215 del EPC

   Pyongyang, 31 de mayo (ATCC) -- El Comandante Supremo Kim Jong Il, Secretario General del Partido del Trabajo de Corea y Presidente del Comite de Defensa Nacional de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea inspecciono la unidad no. 215 del Ejercito Popular de Corea que ostenta el titulo de Septimo Regimiento de O Jung Hup.  Tras recibir el parte de recibimiento recorrio la sala de presentacion del historial.
     El Comandante Supremo dijo que bajo la sabia direccion y la minuciosa instruccion del Presidente Kim Il Sung la unidad crecio como una invencible fila de combatientes y senalo que hay que guardar en lo profundo de su corazon la benevolencia del Presidente dedicada a la unidad.
     Senalo que la unidad ocupo el puesto de vanguardia de apoyar la direccion del Songun (priorizacion militar) del Partido en la defensa de la patria y en los lugares de construccion socialista y evaluo altamente los logros alcanzados por la unidad.
     Tras presenciar un ejercicio de mando del estado mayor, se mostro muy satisfecho de que los comandantes de la unidad prestan la primordial atencion al ejercicio para poseer la alta tecnica militar y capacidad de mando.
     Al recorrer la casa de militares, biblioteca, sala de video y de radiodifusion por hilo y otras instalaciones culturales y educacionales, elogio el desarrollo sustancial de diversas labores ideo-politicas convenientes a las caracteristicas de los militares.
     El Comandante Supremo, al informar de que se eleva de dia en dia el celo de los militares por el estudio a traves de biblioteca, dijo que es una cosa loable y anadio que quienes hacen la revolucion deben estudiar cotidianamente y aprender hasta el ultimo momento de su vida.
    Vio el cuartal y distintas clases de arboles cubiertos de su alrededor y destaco que el recinto bien ordenado y aseado se asemeja a un jardin.
    Al recorrer las instalaciones de intendencia se mostro muy regocijado de magnificas condiciones de vida para los militares y presento las tareas y medios para mejorar la labor de abastecimiento.
     Evaluo altamente los exitos logrados en la materializacion de la linea militar del partido.
     Luego, se fotografio junto a los militares de la unidad.
     Le acompano el subjefe de departamento del CC del PTC Hwang Pyong So.

Surcoreanos deben cumplir con su responsabilidad asumida ante nacion

   Pyongyang, 31 de mayo (ATCC) -- El periodico Minju Joson inserto en su edicion del dia 31 un comentario individual en relacion con las "elecciones de autonomia local" que se desarrollan en toda la extension del Sur de Corea senalando que los surcoreanos, conscientes de su responsabilidad asumida ante la nacion, deben acudir a los lugres de votacion para hacer de estos los "juzgados contra el Partido Hannara".  Las presentes "elecciones" son, en su esencia, la aguda confrontacion entre las fuerzas de apoyo a la Declaracion Conjunta del 15 de junio y las opositoras a esta, precisa el comentario y continua:
     El "partido Hannara" del Sur de Corea es baluarte de las fuerzas opositoras a esta declaracion.
     Esta agrupacion politica amparada por Estados Unidos azuza a los medios de prensa ultraderechistas a cacarear de la "victoria aplastante" en las "elecciones de autonomia local" con el designio de lograr que se abstengan de la votacion las fuerzas de reforma progresista de apoyo a dicha declaracion.
     El "partido Hannara" teme mas que nada la justa sentencia de vastas masas populares. Perdio las dos "elecciones presidenciales" y las "parlamentarias" pasadas porque amplias masas populares participaron en los comicios y votaron en contra de los compinches del "partido Hannara". Por eso este difunde un rumor de su "victoria aplastante" en todas las regiones para lograr que los electores dejen de acudir a los lugares de votacion.
     Si los surcoreanos enganados por tal propaganda no participan en las "elecciones", resultara que el "partido Hannara", que valora mas a EE.UU. que a sus connacionales, llegue a asumir las "autoridades locales" para aprovecharlas en la toma del "poder".
     Para detener la artimana del "partido Hannara", los surcoreanos deben ejercer el derecho a votar. Ha llegado el momento en que los surcoreanos deben cumplir con su responsabilidad asumida ante la nacion para dar la justa solucion al problema importantisimo relacionado con el destino de la nacion.

Rodong Sinmun honra meritos de Kim Il Sung en construccion del PTC

   Pyongyang, 31 de mayo (ATCC) -- En ocasion del vigesimo aniversario de la publicacion de la obra maestra del Presidente Kim Il Sung "Experiencias historicas en la construccion del Partido del Trabajo de Corea", el diario Rodong Sinmun publico en su edicion del dia 31 un articulo individual que va como sigue: Esta obra constituye una enciclopedia que sintetiza globalmente las valiosas experiencias y hazanas logradas en la construccion y las actividades del partido durante varios decenios desde cuando comenzo a echar raices historicas para la fundacion del Partido del Trabajo de Corea y una guia programatica que indica a este los remedios para cumplir satisfactoriamente con su mision historica como orientador del socialismo.
    Gracias a la sabia direccion del Presidente, el PTC se robustecio en el fragor de la lucha de mas de medio siglo y crecio como el invencible partido del camarada Kim Il Sung apoyado y confiado enteramente por las masas populares.
    Lo mas importante de las imborrables hazanas del Presidente, quien creo un ejemplo de la epoca en la construccion de un partido revolucionario, es que el convirtio el PTC en una entidad independiente con la idea Juche como guia directriz y en la combativa con alto nivel organizativo y sentido de disciplina y lo construyo con vistas al futuro para que este pueda llevar adelante su causa de generacion en generacion.
    Hoy dia, el Dirigente Kim Jong Il continua fielmente la idea y la direccion del Presidente.
    Pues sus trabajos partidistas de mas de 40 anos brillan como imborrables anales de conversion del PTC en el partido del Presidente.
    En particular, mas de diez anos ultimos ocupan un lugar muy importante en la historia revolucionaria del Dirigente, quien conduce en la primera linea la causa de construccion del PTC.
    A citar una de sus grandes proezas, bajo la bandera del Songun (priorizacion militar), el fortalecio y desarrollo el PTC en una entidad invencible, combativa y muy dinamica que avanza sin vacilacion aun bajo dificiles circunstancias.

Ri Po Ik, patriota con fuerte temperamento

   Pyongyang, 31 de mayo (ATCC) -- Hoy (31 de mayo) es el 130 aniversario del nacimiento de Ri Po Ik, abuela del Presidente Kim Il Sung. Esta patriota fervorosa crio a todos sus hijos y nietos como revolucionarios y defendio la entereza de la familia revolucionaria de Mangyongdae y el espiritu de la nacion coreana aun en las circunstancias muy adversas.
    Para ella fue un gran placer cuidar y ayudar a sus hijos enzarzados en la lucha por la liberacion de la patria.
    Nunca se mostro pesimista por el encarcelamiento o desaparicion de alguno de sus descendientes y empujo a sus nietos al sagrado camino de lucha que habia emprendido su hijo mayor.
    En el invierno de un ano en la segunda mitad de la decada de 1930, los imperialistas japoneses iniciaron la operacion para lograr la "sumision" del Ejercito Revolucionario Popular de Corea con un punado de traidores a la revolucion, en la cual trataron de involucrarla.
    Sin embargo, no pudieron doblegar la ferrea conviccion y voluntad de la abuela aunque se valieron de palabras edulcorantes, engano, chantaje e intimidacion de toda indole.
    Muy rabiosos, los japoneses arrojaron a la sexagenaria anciana a la cortante ventisca de Manchuria donde la temperatura marcaba 40 grados bajo cero.
    Pero, la abuela los controlaba a su antojo diciendoles que no tenia gana de escalar a la montana porque hacia frio o estaba cansada y ordenandoles con dignidad que le sirvieran platos coreanos en lugar de los japoneses.
    Aunque tuvo que pasar unos meses sufriendo penas en las montanas apartadas de Jiandao del Norte, nunca plego su entereza y supero todas las pruebas como madre y abuela de la familia revolucionaria.
    La abuela llevo toda su vida asi tan rectamente porque tuvo la inmutable conviccion de que la lucha revolucionaria por la soberania nacional es la mas sagrada y justa en este mundo y triunfara sin falta.