Kim Jong Il Provides On-Site Guidance to Newly Built Pyongyang Conservatory

    Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, provided on-site guidance to the newly built Pyongyang Conservatory. He was received by leading officials of the conservatory on the spot.
    The commander of the unit which had participated in its construction made a report to him on its successful construction. .
    The conservatory covering a plottage of 5 hectares on the bank of the Taedong River has been constructed by soldier-builders in a matter of two years. It is a seat of learning music and arts as it is equipped with all educational facilities such as a main building, a building for a special education, an annex, an 800-seater concert hall, several auditoriums, a hostel, a gymnasium and entertainment and service facilities. .
    Kim Jong Il was briefed on the designs of the buildings and their interior structures before going round a room dedicated to the history of the conservatory. .
    He went round the historic relics and mementoes associated with the undying footprints of President Kim Il Sung. He highly appreciated the achievements made by the conservatory, noting that it has trained many talented artistes, thus greatly contributing to the development of the Juche-oriented art over the last 57 years since its establishment. .
    Making the rounds of lecture rooms, rooms for teaching individual students in subjects of special study, auditoriums of different sizes, a gymnasium, a dinning hall and rooms of the hostel, the fashionable concert hall, etc. for a long while, he was greatly satisfied to learn that the modern conservatory has been built with success. .
    He extended high appreciation and thanks to the soldier-builders for having completed the construction project in a brief span of time by devoting all their wisdom and energies with intense loyalty to the Party and the revolution. .
    In order to build more edifices to meet the aesthetic tastes and wishes of the popular masses, it is necessary to positively explore and apply unique and peculiar architectural styles and bring about steady innovations in the formative artistic representation of architecture, he stressed. .
    Our Party spares nothing for the younger generation, the future of the country, and feels greater pride and joy in doing so, he said, underscoring the need to direct big efforts to the work to bring them up to be pillars of the country, in the future, too. .
    In order to train students into talented artistes possessed of a high level of special knowledge and skill while at the conservatory, it is important to steadily improve the qualifications of the teachers as required by the developing reality and provide better educational environment, he noted, indicating a specific orientation and ways to do so. .
    He was accompanied by Pak Pong Ju, premier of the DPRK Cabinet, and Ri Yong Chol and Ri Jae Il, first vice department directors of the WPK Central Committee.

Information Bulletin Issued in Denmark

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The Denmark-DPRK Friendship Association issued an information bulletin on the occasion of the Day of the Sun. The bulletin carried an article praising the greatness and the undying revolutionary exploits of President Kim Il Sung contributed by the chairman of the association, news that the birthday of leader Kim Jong Il was observed with splendor in various parts of the world this year and an article introducing the functions held in celebration of the 60th birthday of the Workers' Party of Korea and the Korean people in their drive to build a great prosperous powerful socialist nation. .
    It informed the readers of the Korean people's struggle to implement the June 15 North-South Joint Declaration, the cooperation and exchange between the north and the south and the activities of the association for supporting the independent and peaceful reunification of Korea.

Staff Members of Vietnamese Embassy Help Korean Farmers

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Vietnamese Ambassador to the DPRK Phan Trong Thai and staff members of the Vietnamese embassy here Tuesday went to the DPRK-Vietnam Friendship Jamjin Co-op Farm to help it in its farm work. They gave helping hands to the farmers in transplanting humus-cake maize seedlings. During break they sang songs and conversed with them, deepening the friendship. .
    They handed aid materials to the farm that day.

- Definite End to Joint Military Exercises with Foreign Forces Demanded

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The south Korean authorities' continued participation in joint military exercises with foreign forces cannot be construed otherwise than a criminal act of standing in the way of achieving peace and reunification on the Korean Peninsula and hamstringing the efforts to improve the inter-Korean relations, zealously pursuant to the U.S. imperialists' hostile policy towards the DPRK. Rodong Sinmun Wednesday observes this in a signed article. .
    It goes on: .
    The joint military maneuvers staged by foreign forces in south Korea every year are one of the main factors of straining the situation on the Korean Peninsula. .
    The U.S. imperialist forces present in south Korea have been hell bent on war maneuvers for the last several decades, watching for a chance to invade the DPRK. They instigated the south Korean military to stage every year large-scale war exercises targeted against the DPRK such as the RSOI, Foal Eagle and Ulji Focus Lens. Such provocative saber-rattling has been the root cause of harassing the peace in Korea, spoiling the atmosphere of peaceful reunification and increasing the danger of war. The above-mentioned war exercises are very dangerous war gambles aimed at mounting a preemptive nuclear strike at the DPRK. .
    A touch-and-go situation is prevailing on the Korean Peninsula. In order to preserve and consolidate peace there, it is necessary to put an unconditional halt to the joint military exercises with foreign forces in the south, a factor of the mounting tension. To put a definite end to the above-said joint military maneuvers is a principled and fundamental issue arising in the military relations between the north and the south of Korea. .
    By deliberately escalating the nuclear stand-off with the DPRK the U.S. seeks to create distrust, confrontation and military tension among the Koreans. Precisely for this reason the U.S. keeps wooing the south Korean war-mongers to have joint military maneuvers as annual events despite the growing atmosphere of reconciliation and cooperation between the north and the south. .
    If the south Korean authorities truly wish for peace, reconciliation and cooperation, they should not dither about taking practical steps for terminating the military confrontation and ensuring lasting peace on the Korean Peninsula but make a responsible decision to do so.

Student Organizations in S. Korea Assail Corrupt GNP

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The National Council of Female Student Representatives and the Student Solidarity for Election to the May 31 Local Self-Governing Bodies in south Korea reportedly issued a joint statement on May 5 denouncing the corrupt Grand National Party. The statement noted that a story about an indecent behavior of Pak Kye Dong, lawmaker from the GNP, posted on a homepage of a women's organization on May 3 convinced south Korean women once again that the GNP is a "political party of an alien land". .
    Charging that the GNP is accustomed to having a discussion on major political issues in a dark secret room in an indecent manner, the statement queries whether this is what it calls "policy for women" and "a clean policy." It continued: .
    It is hard to shape a policy for women at such a drinking party where a woman is regarded as nothing more than the plaything of men. .
    The out-dated conservative political forces can no longer truly represent the people's will. .
    The statement called upon all the students in south Korea to use the forthcoming election to the local self-governing bodies as a platform for trying the corrupt politicians, foes of women and other people.

Frustration of Pro-U.S. Forces' Attempts to Return to Power Urged

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Jo Il Min, chief of the Pyongyang Mission of the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front, issued a statement on May 9 denouncing the desperate maneuvers of the south Korean pro-U.S. conservative forces, notably the "Grand National Party," to grab power again. He recalled that the Anti-Imperialist National Democratic Front some time ago issued a manifesto as regards the persistent drive of the south Korean pro-U.S. conservative forces to use the "local self-governing body election" slated at the end of May as a stage for building a foothold for their return to power with the 17th "presidential election" next year in mind and it called for turning the "local self-governing body election" into a theater of struggle for taking stocks of the crimes of the GNP. .
    He continued: .
    It is a unanimous desire of the south Korean people and also a demand of the June 15 era of independent reunification for achieving national reunification and common prosperity of the nation by its concerted efforts to totally ostracize the GNP, the malicious enemy of the history and nation, in the political arena. .
    The GNP is no more than a vassal party of the United States worshiping the latter as its forefather and working devotedly only for its interests, clean indifferent to the dignity and interests of the country and the nation. .
    If the "GNP" returns to power with the instigation and support of the U.S. and conspiracy and challenge of the pro-U.S. conservative forces, the favorably developing inter-Korean relations will be blocked and reconciliation, unity and reunification between the north and the south will again move back to mistrust, confrontation and anti-reunification. .
    The south Korean people should heighten vigilance against the plots and dastardly moves of the U.S. imperialists to revive the pro-U.S. conservative regime through the up-coming "local self-governing body election" and "presidential election" scheduled next year and shatter them to smithereens by a vehement fight against the U.S. and war. .
    Through the "local self-governing body election," all the south Korean people should bring a stern sledge hammer of history down on the pro-U.S. conservative forces led by the GNP, the war servant of the U.S. imperialists going against the June 15 era of independent reunification and working to bring nuclear holocaust on the head of the Korean people.

Chinese Delegation Here

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- A delegation of the Xinhua News Agency of China led by Deputy Editor-in-Chief Ju Mengjun arrived here Wednesday. It was met at the airport by Kim Chang Gwang, deputy director general of the Korean Central News Agency, and the minister councilor of the Chinese embassy here.

E-Library of Kim Chaek University of Technology Visited by Foreign Diplomats

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Officials in charge of cultural and friendly relations of different embassies here visited the E-Library of Kim Chaek University of Technology Wednesday. They went round with keen interest book lending and reading rooms of the IT based E-Library. .
    At the end of the visit, they made entries in the visitor's book.

Yang Hyong Sop Visits Norodom Sihanouk

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Yang Hyong Sop, vice-president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, Wednesday visited Norodom Sihanouk, the great king of Cambodia, at the state guest house. He had a friendly conversation with the great king. .
    Present there were the great queen, the entourage of the great king and Cambodian Ambassador to the DPRK Chhorn Hay. .
    On hand were Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Kim Yong Il and others.

Aged People under State Care

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- The aged people are leading a happy life thanks to the popular policies of the government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. It has been a noble social and moral trait to respect and look after the aged in the country. Amid such social care, they enjoy all conveniences. .
    Some time ago the government developed the Korean Society for Supporting the Aged into the Korean Federation for Protecting the Aged (KFPA) so that the state policies for the elderly persons could be executed more thoroughly. .
    The Central Committee of the KFPA and its local affiliated organizations are briskly conducting various activities for protecting the aged in close contact with units concerned and people's government bodies. .
    In order to deepen the study related with the work of protecting the aged, the KFPA is investigating the aged-related data along with the Ministry of Public Health and several research institutes including the Nostology Research Center of the Red Cross General Hospital of Korea. And it is also studying and analyzing world data related to the work of supporting the aged and striving to realize mutual exchange and cooperation in touch with other countries and international and non-governmental organizations. .
    Various steps have been taken in recent years to improve the life of the aged. .
    Special departments for the elderly people were set up in hospitals to regularly check up and treat them. Recreation, amusement and sporting grounds and facilities for their cultural and emotional life have been arranged in residential quarters. .
    Full conditions are being provided to them so that they may do research and assistance needed for the development of science and technology of the country and training of talents according to their abilities.

University Teachers Turn Out in Putting Agriculture on Scientific Basis

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- University teachers of the DPRK have turned out in the efforts to render scientific and technical assistance to agriculture, main front of the socialist economic construction. A lot of teachers from the universities of agriculture across the country are working in over ten cities and counties to introduce the valuable research successes into farming. .
    Those from Kye Ung Sang Sariwon University of Agriculture are exerting their heart and soul to generalizing the successes and experience gained by Hwangju County, North Hwanghae Province, in doing farming on a scientific basis in all cities and counties in the province. .
    Teachers from Sukchon University of Agriculture went to Sukchon, Mundok and Phyongwon Counties, South Phyongan Province. They are working hard to establish advanced farming processes including the method of measuring out the amount of fertilizer according to soil conditions and methods of growing farm crops. .
    Pyongyang University of Agriculture helps co-op farms in Hyongjesan District, Pyongyang, in farming. .
    Teachers of the university have worked out plans for distribution of crop varieties, farming processes and cultivation methods to suit climate and soil conditions and are striving hard to carry them into practice. And they have made apparatuses for measuring land acidity and humidity by themselves and measured acidity of more than 5,000 places of fields in the district and thus contributed to increasing fertility of soil. .
    Among such helpers are teachers from Nampho University of Agriculture who were awarded "February 16 Prize of Science and Technology" by designing and manufacturing the air-tight combined thrasher, Wonsan and Hamhung Universities of Agriculture and Kanggye University of Agriculture and Forestry.

Kim Yong Nam Receives Credentials from Botswanan Ambassador

   Pyongyang, May 10 (KCNA) -- Kim Yong Nam, president of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, received credentials from Naomi Ellen Majinda, new Botswanan ambassador e. p. to the DPRK, at the Mansudae Assembly Hall today. On hand were Vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs Choe Su Hon and a staff member of the embassy. .
    After receiving the credentials, the president conversed with the ambassador.

For Spanish-speaking people

Hay que poner fin a simulacros con fuerzas extranjeras en Sur de Corea

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- La continua incorporacion de las autoridades surcoreanas a los ejercicios militares con las fuerzas foraneas significa un acto criminal antinacional, que rechaza la paz y la reunificacion de la Peninsula Coreana y obstruye el desarrollo de las relaciones Norte-Sur de Corea en adhesion a la politica de hostilidad de los Estados Unidos a la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea.  Asi senala el diario Rodong Sinmun en un articulo individual insertado en su numero del dia 10 y prosigue: .
     Uno de los factores principales que exacerban la situacion de la Peninsula Coreana reside precisamente en los macro-ejercicios militares con los imperialistas norteamericanos ocupantes del Sur de Corea, que durante varios decenios se desarrollan anualmente en el suelo surcoreano bajo rotulos de "ejercicio combinado de refuerzo para el tiempo de guerra", el "Aguilucho" y el "Ulji Focus Lens"..
     Estas provocativas maniobras militares simulando la agresion a la RPDC infringen la paz del pais, destruyen el clima de reunificacion pacifica e incrementan el peligro de la guerra. .
     Para preservar la paz en la Peninsula Coreana, donde persiste una situacion inestable que en cualquier momento puede dar lugar a una guerra, hay que poner fin de modo incondicional a esos ejercicios. Esto constituye el problema fundamental y de principio que se presenta en las actuales relaciones militares entre el Norte y el Sur de Corea. .
     Estados Unidos pretende propiciar la desconfianza, la confrontacion y la tension militar entre los coreanos manipulando malintencionadamente el enfrentamiento nuclear con la RPDC. .
     He aqui la causa por la cual Estados Unidos sigue desarrollando cada ano los ejercicios militares conjuntos instigando a las fuerzas belicosas del Sur de Corea en detrimento del clima de reconciliacion y cooperacion entre ambas partes de Corea. .
     Si las autoridades surcoreanas desean de veras la paz, la reconciliacion y la cooperacion, no deben vacilar en tomar medidas practicas para acabar con el estado de confrontacion militar y preservar la paz duradera en la Peninsula Coreana.

FDNA llama a frustrar intento de los proyanquis de retomar el poder

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- El representante de la sucursal del Frente Democratico Nacional Antiimperialista (FDNA) en Pyongyang, Jo Il Min, emitio el dia 9 una declaracion denunciando las desesperadas maniobras de las fuerzas conservadoras proyanquis del Sur de Corea, lideradas por el "partido Hannara", para tomar de nuevo el poder. Para este fin, ellas tratan de convertir las "elecciones de la autonomia local", que tendran lugar a finales de mayo, en una fase preparatoria del sufragio para elegir el 17o "presidente", previsto para el ano que viene. .
    Al respecto, hace unos dias, el FDNA publico una proclama exhortando a hacer de las primeras elecciones un escenario de lucha por ajustar la cuenta de los crimenes del "partido Hannara", indica Jo y prosigue: .
    Expulsar del circulo politico a esta agrupacion, historicamente enemiga de la nacion, deviene la aspiracion unanime de los habitantes surcoreanos y la demanda de la epoca de reunificacion independiente del 15 de Junio en que los coterraneos unen sus fuerzas para lograr la reintegracion nacional y la prosperidad comun de la nacion coreana. .
    Sin embargo, el lacayo "Hannara" trabaja con abnegacion solo para los intereses de su amo EE.UU. vendiendo la dignidad y los intereses del pais y la nacion. .
    Si esta entidad vuelve al sillon presidencial gracias al apoyo de EE.UU. y en alianza con otras fuerzas conservadoras proyanquis, se daran a la ruptura las relaciones Norte-Sur, que ahora se desarrollan favorablemente, y la reconciliacion, la unidad y la reunificacion se revertiran a la desconfianza, la confrontacion y la antireunificacion. .
    Por lo tanto, los habitantes surcoreanos deben frustrar tajantemente con la lucha antiyanqui y anti-belica el sucio complot de los imperialistas norteamericanos para resucitar el "poder" de los elementos conservadores proyanquis a traves de las citadas elecciones. .
    Para ello, deben castigar severamente al votar en las venideras elecciones en contra del "partido Hannara" y otras fuerzas de la misma calana que desafiando a la epoca del 15 de Junio, sirven fielmente a los imperialistas yanquis que pretenden sumergir a la nacion coreana en una guerra nuclear.

Primer simposio estetico de arquitectura

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- Tuvo lugar el dia 9 el primer simposio estetico de arquitectura en el capitalino Palacio Cultural del Pueblo. En la ocasion se explicaron y se argumentaron con profundidad la originalidad y vitalidad de la autoctona idea arquitectonica del Dirigente Kim Jong Il, los problemas de principios para hacer corresponder la arquitectura del pais a la demanda del nuevo siglo y los medios para su materializacion. .
    El Dirigente publico el 21 de mayo del 80 (1991) de la Era Juche la obra maestra "El arte arquitectonico" en la cual presento como los principios fundamentales de la creacion de la arquitectura autoctona los tres problemas a saber, el de identificar la arquitectura con la concepcion revolucionaria del Lider y crearla a nuestro estilo, el de materializar el espiritu partidista, el de la clase obrera y el caracter popular y combinar de modo acierto la nacionalidad con la modernizacion y el de elevar la calidad y la utilidad economica de la arquitectura. .
    Pae Tal Jun, ministro de Control Estatal de Construccion, Tong Jong Ho, ministro de Construccion y de Industria de Materiales de Construccion y otros oradores dijeron que los principios arriba mencionados son los mas cientificos y justos que reflejan la demanda de la sociedad socialista y que indican el camino mas correcto para que nuestra arquitectura pueda contribuir activamente a la vida independiente y creadora de las masas populares y se refirieron a los problemas que se presentan para materializarlos con brillantez. .
    Los oradores destacaron que se debe establecer firmemente el concepto revolucionario del Lider en el urbanismo y materializar el caracter popular para desarrollar sistematicamente los proyectos de las ciudades y las aldeas rurales conforme a la demanda de la epoca y la aspiracion de las masas populares y subrayaron que se debe elevar mas el valor de arte formativo en el urbanismo y asegurar la composicion elastica de las estructuras, de modo que no tengan desperfecciones tampoco en un futuro lejano. .
    Senalaron la necesidad de impulsar con vigor la remodelacion y modernizacion de las fabricas y empresas de la rama de industria de materiales de construccion, producir y asegurar los materiales de construccion comunes y de acabado que corresponden a la demanda del nuevo siglo, en fin de operar grandes innovaciones en el conjunto de labores del ramo. .
    Se debe trazar con acierto el plan general de construccion de la ciudad de Pyongyang y a base de ello impulsar de modo planificado y con vision al futuro la construccion, dar acicate a la labor de reforestacion de la capital, remodelar todas las ciudades y aldeas rurales y seguir tomando riendas de la reforestacion, el mejoramiento fluvial y la construccion de las carreteras, apuntaron. .
    Participaron el secretario del Comite Central del Partido del Trabajo de Corea Choe Thae Bok, el vicepremier Jon Sung Hun y otros miembros del Consejo de Ministros, funcionarios interesados, disenadores, tecnicos, profesores e investigadores del sector de arquitectura, construccion, materiales de construccion, administracion urbana, proteccion territorial y ambiental.

Atencion estatal a los ancianos

   Pyongyang, 10 de mayo (ATCC) -- Hoy, gracias a la politica popular del Estado, en Corea los ancianos disfrutan de una vida feliz bajo la atencion social. Se establecio el ambiente social y moral de respetar y dispensar debida atencion a los viejos. .
    Hace poco, el Estado desarrollo la Asociacion Coreana de Ayuda a los Ancianos como la Federacion Coreana de Proteccion de Ancianos (FCPA) a fin de ejecutar mas satisfactoriamente la politica del Estado para las personas de mayor edad. .
    El CC de la FCPA y sus filiales desarrollan diversas actividades para ejecutar mas satisfactoriamente la labor de proteccion de ancianos en estrecha cooperacion con los organos del Poder popular y otras ramas conexas. .
    Efectua la labor de averiguacion de datos de vejez a traves del Ministerio de Salud Publica, el Centro de Investigacion de Gerontologia del Complejo Hospitalario de Cruz Roja de Corea y otros organismos de investigacion. Y despliega activamente el estudio y analisis de datos mundiales del particular, el intercambio y cooperacion con otros paises, las organizaciones internacionales y no gubernamentales. .
     Bajo la profunda atencion del Estado y las dinamicas actividades de la federacion fueron tomadas varias medidas para mejorar la vida de los ancianos. .
    En los hospitales se instalaron las secciones especializadas para realizar normalmente el examen medico y curacion de los ancianos y en los poblados surgen los lugares e instalaciones para el descanso, la recreacion y deportes de los ancianos. .
    Tambien se preparan las suficientes condiciones para que ellos efectuen segun sus capacidades la labor de estudio y ayuda para el desarrollo cientifico y tecnico del pais y la formacion de cuadros.