Koreans Will Never Forget Inhuman Crimes of Japanese imperialists

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- Today is the 75th anniversary of the Kwangju Students Uprising. It was an anti-Japanese, patriotic resistance of Korean youths and students against the Japanese imperialists' brutal colonial rule, slave education and national insult. A Japanese middle school boy insulted a Korean middle school girl in a Kwangju-Raju commuter train on October 30, 1929. It let loose the long pent-up wrath and hatred of the Korean youth and students against the Japanese imperialists.
    The uprising spread to Seoul, Pyongyang, Sinuiju, Hamhung, Kaesong, Taegu, Pusan and other parts of the country.
    Korean students courageously held demonstrations defying the harsh suppression by the Japanese imperialist police. They shouted "Down with Japanese imperialism!", "Abolish colonial, slave education!", "Long live the independence of Korea!" and other slogans, scattered leaflets and made speeches in streets.
    The Japanese imperialists set all the riot police in motion to crack down upon the uprising in cold blood and maintain and intensify their colonial rule.
    During their colonial rule over Korea, the Japanese imperialists brutally suppressed all the struggles of the Korean people for the freedom and independence of the country including the Kwangju Students Uprising, the March First Uprising and anti-Japanese volunteer army units.
    No one can distort or erase history.
    Nevertheless, the present Japanese ultra-right conservatives are trying to veil the crimes Japan committed in the past and evade its responsibility for compensation.
    The Korean people have never forgotten the inhuman crimes committed by the Japanese imperialists though many years have passed.

Three Rights of Labor and Stop to Market Opening Demanded in S. Korea

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- At least 10,000 members of six trade unions in the public field including the National Public Employees Union and the National Teachers Union held a rally against the unjust labor policy of the "government" in Yoido Park in Seoul on Oct. 31, according to south Korean MBC. A resolution read out at the rally said that the "government" has abridged the rights to strike and negotiation of the unions of public employees by the force of the "special law on public employees' union" and opened public enterprises such as railways and gas, thus wrecking the public nature of enterprises. It demanded that the public employees guaranteed three rights of labor and the market opening of the public field halted.
    The participants in the rally threatened to call a general strike from November 15 unless the "government" meets their demands before marching as far as the building of the Uri Party.

Cambodian King on Friendly Ties with DPRK

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- The excellent friendly ties between Cambodia and the DPRK will last forever, said King of Cambodia Norodom Sihamoni when meeting with DPRK Ambassador to Cambodia Choe Han Chun who was present on invitation at the coronation ceremony held on Oct. 29. The king sincerely hoped that the DPRK would prosper under the wise leadership of Kim Jong Il.
    The king said that he would always remember the profound loving care and benevolence shown by President Kim Il Sung for the Great King of Cambodia Norodom Sihanouk, the Great Queen Norodom Monineath Sihanouk and his family.

Kim Jong Il's Leadership Lauded

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- Leader Kim Jong Il's Songun policy and his idea of attaching importance to the youth provide a sure guarantee for the victory in the youth movement in the DPRK, said Bibi Farouk, national youth leader of the People's Democratic Party of Nigeria who visited the DPRK. He continued: I had an opportunity to visit the Room for the Education in the History of the Youth Movement of Comrade Kim Il Sung while staying in the DPRK. This visit helped me know well about the organizational capability, unity and militancy of the youth league of the DPRK going by the august name of President Kim Il Sung highly lauded by the whole world.
    The Korean youth are playing a big role in the revolution and construction under the wise leadership of Kim Jong Il. We envy the Korean people and youth blessed with the peerlessly great men.
    Korean socialism is sure to triumph thanks to the youth, successors to the revolutionary cause of Juche. The people and youth of the DPRK will always emerge victorious under the steermanship of Kim Jong Il.

Chinese Visitor on Sino-DPRK Friendship

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- I keenly felt that the Sino-DPRK friendship sealed in blood was growing stronger while staying in the DPRK, Vice-Governor Wang Zhan heading a friendship delegation of the Jiangsu Provincial People's Government of China, told KCNA. When we went to Huang Qiguang Middle School, I learned well that the Korean party and government treasured Sino-DPRK friendship and were strengthening education in the revolutionary tradition and patriotism among the younger generation, he said, and went on:
    The Chinese and Korean peoples shared bitters and sweets in the course of a joint struggle against foreign aggressors.
    Sino-DPRK friendship was provided by Chairman Mao Zedong and President Kim Il Sung. Leader Kim Jong Il visited China in April this year and mutual travels of high-level delegations are becoming brisk these days. This proves that the friendly and cooperative relations between the two countries are developing still further.
    I wish the Korean people greater advance in the building of a great prosperous powerful socialist nation under the wise leadership of Kim Jong Il.

Japanese Reactionaries Urged to Drop Their Daydream

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- The Japanese reactionaries have set the stage for their overseas military operations, taking advantage of the wars of aggression launched by the United States in the new century. They are busying themselves to replace the pacifist constitution by a war constitution and adopt overseas expansion as their state policy, as if they had been waiting for the opportunity to occur, in a bid to start a crusade for reinvading Asia and conquering the world. Rodong Sinmun Wednesday says in a signed commentary carried in this regard:
    Some time ago 79 Japanese dietmen visited the Yasukuni Shrine. Japan is actively conducting with the U.S. the joint technological research into the missile defense system and contemplating extending the term for the operation of the fleet of the "Self-Defence Forces" in the Indian Ocean.
    The Japanese reactionaries who had supported the U.S. invasion of Iraq before any others are going to extend the presence of the "SDF" in Iraq.
    Through this they seek to make their overseas military operation an established fact and pave the way for their overseas aggression.
    They have already put two spy satellites on the orbit and decided to develop four other spy satellites by the year 2005 through the allocation of hundreds of millions of dollars under the pretext of "intensifying the watch over" the DPRK's missile base and nuclear facilities. They are speeding up the development and introduction of ultra-modern Aegis destroyers, refueling tankers, battleships of aircraft carrier type, etc. while actively pushing forward the moves to put combat equipment on a modern, large-sized and long-distance basis.
    Japan's moves to convert itself into a military power and realize overseas expansion are no longer a hypothesis but are becoming a reality. It is becoming clearer that the Japanese militarist forces colluding with the U.S. imperialists more closely than ever before are emerging dangerous war forces disturbing world peace and stability and a wicked enemy of independence and progress as they are working hard to stamp out the cause of independence of the popular masses, the cause of global independence.
    Their desperate moves to turn Japan into a military power and realize overseas expansion are as foolish an act as digging their own graves.
    The Japanese reactionaries would be well advised to swim with the trend of the times and drop their foolish ambition.

DPRK Honorary Doctorate of Literature Awarded to Chinese Company Manager

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- John Zheng, general manager of the Dalian Zhengxing Petroleum Co., Ltd. of China, was awarded the DPRK honorary doctorate of literature. He made a contribution to the translation and publication of books consummating the glorious revolutionary history of President Kim Il Sung and their extensive dissemination.
    A ceremony of awarding the diploma and medal of the honorary doctorate was held at the People's Palace of Culture Tuesday.
    Present there were Kwak Pom Gi, vice-premier of the Cabinet and chairman of the State Commission for Conferring Degrees and Titles of the DPRK, Kang Chun Gum, secretary general of the commission, officials concerned and Koreans in China.

Historic Relics in Kaesong

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- Kaesong was the capital of Koryo (918-1392), the first united state of Korea. There are more than 100 historic relics and remains in Kaesong, which played an important role in the middle ages of Korea. They have been preserved in their original state for hundred of decades.
    Among the national treasures are the Kaesong fort, Nam Gate showing the developed architecture in the period of Koryo, the ruined royal palace on Manwol Hill, an old residential quarter, Sungyang Auditorium, Koryo Songgyungwan, which was the first college of Korea, Sonjuk Bridge and Phyochung Monument, the wall on Mt. Taehung, Kwanum Temple, King Wang Kon's Mausoleum and King Kong Min's Mausoleum.
    The historic relics, giving a glimpse of the civilization and culture of Koryo, are of great significance in studying the inheritance of culture before and after Koryo.
    The mausoleums of the Koryo kings were built in the period between 10th and 14th centuries. They are characterized by rich contents of mural paintings, and wonderful architecture and formative arts inherent to the period.
    Such mural paintings as a blue dragon, white tiger, pine tree and bamboo in Wang Kon's Mausoleum, and 12 sagacious subjects and constellations in Kong Min's Mausoleum reflect well the features of mural tombs belonging to the Koryo period.
    The mausoleums have terraced compounds and are surrounded by trees and stone handrails.
    Especially, Kong Min's Mausoleum is very large and its decoration and sculpture are excellent. It is the first twin tombs in Korea.
    The historic relics and remains in Kaesong have been well kept as they were thanks to the policy of the DPRK government for the preservation of the national cultural heritages.

Foreign Diplomats Visit Duck Farm

    Pyongyang, November 3 (KCNA) -- Diplomatic envoys of various countries and representatives of international organizations here visited the Ryongji Duck Farm Wednesday. They looked round with keen interest the production processes equipped with modern facilities, being briefed on the fact that servicemen of the Korean People's Army built the modern duck farm in a short span of time.
    At the end of the visit Chinese Charge d' Affaires a.i. Guan Huabing said that the Ryongji Duck Farm has been built into a modern farm under the care of leader Kim Jong Il.
    Mongolian Ambassador Janchivdorjyn Lombo made the following entry in the visitor's book: The farm will play an important role in improving the standard of people's diet.
    Russian Ambassador Andrei Karlov wrote in the book that the visit to the farm helped him know well about what great attention the DPRK government has paid to solving the problem of the people's diet, hoping that the Korean people would register bigger success in their efforts to build a great prosperous powerful nation under the wise guidance of Kim Jong Il.

For Spanish-speaking people

Rey de Cambodia se refiere a relaciones de amistad con RPDC

    Pyongyang, 3 de noviembre (ATCC) -- Seran eternas las excelentes relaciones de amistad entre Cambodia y Corea. Asi senalo el rey de Cambodia, Norodom Sihamoni, al reunirse con el embajador extraordinario y plenipotenciario de la RPDC, Choe Han Chun, quien estuvo invitado el 29 de octubre a la ceremonia de entronizacion del rey.
    Deseo de todo corazon que la RPDC prospere gozando de la sabia direccion del estimado Mariscal Kim Jong Il y subrayo que no puede olvidar para siempre gran afecto y benevolencia que el Presidente Kim Il Sung dispenso al gran rey Norodom Sihanouk y la gran reina Norodom Monineath Sihanouk, asi como a sus familiares.

Expansion militar de Japon a ultramar es camino de derrota

    Pyongyang, 3 de noviembre (ATCC) -- Los reaccionarios japoneses, que prepararon un antecedente de la operacion militar en ultramar aprovechandose de las guerras de agresion desatadas por EE.UU. en el nuevo siglo, elaboran abiertamente la constitucion a favor de la guerra, legalizan como politica estatal la expansion a ultramar para emprender la "cruzada" de nueva agresion a Asia y de conquista al mundo. Asi revela el diario Rodong Sinmun en un comentario individual del dia 3 y continua:
    Recientemente, los 79 parlamentarios de Japon visitaron en colectivo al santuario "Yasukuni". El pais isleno realiza la investigacion tecnica junto con EE.UU. para establecer el sistema antimisiles y maniobra para prolongar el plazo de estacionamiento de la flota de "fuerzas de autodefensa" en el Oceano Indico.
    Los reaccionarios japoneses apoyaron antes que nadie la agresion norteamericana a Iraq. Ahora intentan prolongar la estancia en Iraq de sus "fuerzas de autodefensa". De esta manera se proponen hacer de la operacion militar en ultramar un hecho consumado y allanar un camino de la agresion a ultramar.
    Los reaccionarios japoneses ya colocaron 2 satelites espias en la orbita y decidieron desarrollar 4 satelites mas hasta el ano 2005 con el desembolso de centenares de millones de US$ a fin de "fortalecer vigilancia" sobre la base de misiles e instalaciones nucleares de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea. Impulsan la gestion de hacer modernos, grandes y de largo alcance sus armamentos, por una parte y por la otra, aceleran el desarrollo e introduccion de los destructores ultramodernos tipo "Aegis", el avion nodriza y buques de guerra de tipo portaaviones.
    Hoy en dia, la conversion en potencia militar y la expansion a ultramar de Japon no son una hipotesis sino se hacen realidad y con el transcurso del tiempo se evidencia que las fuerzas militaristas japonesas en contubernio con los EE.UU. aparecen como peligrosas fuerzas belicas enderezadas a suprimir la causa de independencia de las masas populares, la de verificacion de la independencia en el mundo y a perturbar la paz y seguridad del mundo, como siniestro enemigo de la independencia y el progreso. La conversion en potencia militarista y la maniobra de expansion a ultramar de los reaccionarios japoneses es el camino de la autodestruccion.
    Ellos deben apreciar correctamente la tendencia de la epoca y abandonar su vana ilusion.

Patrimonios nacionales en Kaesong

    Pyongyang, 3 de noviembre (ATCC) -- Durante casi 500 anos, Kaesong fue la capital de Coryo (918 n.e.-1392 n.e.), estado de Corea que fue el primero en lograr la reintegracion territorial. Esta ciudad de gran interes historico jugo un papel importante en la historia medieval de Corea y por consiguiente, conserva mas de un centenar de reliquias y vestigios milenarios.
    Entre estos figuran el castillo de Kaesong, el porton Nam (al sur) que demuestra la excelente tecnica arquitectonica de puertas de castillo de la epoca de Coryo, el mirador Manwoldae - antiguo sitio del palacio real de Coryo, el reparto de antiguas viviendas, el colegio privado de Sungyang - uno de los mas antiguos, la primera universidad de Corea Songgyungwan, el puente Sonjuk y el monumento a la fidelidad Phyochungbi, el castillo del monte Taehung, el templo Kwanum, los mausoleos de reyes Wanggon y Kongmin y otros patrimonios nacionales que devienen el orgullo de la nacion coreana.
    Estas reliquias demuestran fielmente los originales aspectos de la cultura y civilizacion de Coryo y revisten gran importancia en la comprension de las relaciones de continuidad entre las culturas anterior y posterior a la epoca de Coryo. Los mausoleos reales edificados del siglo 10 al 14 tienen formas muy peculiares propias de la epoca de Coryo tanto en lo arquitectonico como en lo figurativo, aparte del profundo contenido de pinturas al fresco.
    Los dibujos de dragon azul y tigre blanco (dioses defensores del Este y Oeste) y del pino y el bambu en el mausoleo real de Wanggon y los otros de 12 dioses y el planisferio en el mausoleo real de Kongmin son pruebas elocuentes de las peculiaridades de las pinturas al fresco de la tumba de la epoca de Coryo. Estas edificaciones fueron divididas en varias secciones escaladas resaltando asi la majestuosidad y lo estereografico. Ademas, los biombos y barandas de piedras colocados en torno a los mausoleos reales contribuyeron al aumento de la efectividad de los adornos y a la elevacion del nivel de artes figurativas.
    En particular, el mausoleo real de Kongmin es muy majestuoso en su dimension y tiene perfectos adornos. En fin, refleja la gran maestria escultorica y dota de la forma de tumbas gemelas, lo cual dio inicio al sistema de tumbas gemelas en Corea.
    Hoy dia, estas reliquias y vestigios de Kaesong que elevan el orgullo y la dignidad de la nacion coreana se conservan en aspectos originales gracias a la politica del gobierno de la Republica Popular Democratica de Corea de proteger con esmero los patrimonios culturales nacionales.