Conclusion of non-aggression treaty between DPRK and U.S. called for

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the Foreign Ministry of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea today released a statement as regards the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula. He said:
    New dramatic changes have taken place in the situation on the Korean Peninsula and the rest of Northeast Asia in the new century. Inter-Korean relations and the DPRK's relations with Russia, China and Japan have entered a new important phase and bold measures have been taken to reconnect inter-Korean railroads which have remained cut for over half a century, settle the past with Japan and do away with the leftovers of the last century.
    The DPRK has taken a series of new steps in economic management and adopted one measure after another to reenergize the economy, including the establishment of a special economic region, in conformity with the changed situation and specific conditions of the country.
    These developments practically contribute to peace in Asia and the rest of the world.
    Almost all the countries except for the United States, therefore, welcomed and hailed them, a great encouragement to the DPRK.
    It was against this backdrop that the DPRK recently received a special envoy of the U.S. President in the hope that this might help fundamentally solve the hostile relations with the U.S. and settle outstanding issues on an equal footing.
    Regretfully, the Pyongyang visit of the special envoy convinced the DPRK that the hostile attempt of the Bush administration to stifle the DPRK by force and backpedal the positive development of the situation in the Korean Peninsula and the rest of Northeast Asia has gone to the extremes.
    Producing no evidence, he asserted that the DPRK has been actively engaged in the enriched uranium program in pursuit of possessing nuclear weapons in violation of the DPRK-U.S. agreed framework. He even intimidated the DPRK side by saying that there would be no dialogue with the U.S. unless the DPRK halts it, and the DPRK-Japan, and north-south relations would be jeopardized.
    The U.S. attitude was so unilateral and high-handed that the DPRK was stunned by it.
    The U.S. is seriously mistaken if it thinks such a brigandish attitude reminding one of a thief crying "stop the thief" would work on the DPRK.
    As far as the nuclear issue on the Korean Peninsula is concerned, it cropped up as the U.S. has massively stockpiled nuclear weapons in South Korea and its vicinity and threatened the DPRK, a small country, with those weapons for nearly half a century, pursuing a hostile policy toward it in accordance with the strategy for world supremacy.
    The DPRK-U.S. agreed framework was adopted in October 1994, but the U.S. has been deprived of the right to talk about the implementation of the framework since then.
    Under article 1 of the framework the U.S. is obliged to provide light water reactors to the DPRK by the year 2003 in return for the DPRK's freezing of graphite moderated reactors and their related facilities.
    But only site preparation for the LWR was made though 8 years have passed since the DPRK froze its nuclear facilities.
    This will bring the DPRK an annual loss of 1,000 mw(e) in 2003 when light water reactor no.1 is scheduled to be completed and that of 2,000 mw(e) from the next year under article 2 of the framework the two sides are obliged to move toward full normalization of the political and economic relations. Over the last 8 years, however, the U.S. has persistently pursued the hostile policy toward the DPRK and maintained economic sanctions on it. The former has gone the length of listing the latter as part of the "axis of evil."
    Under article 3 of the framework the U.S. is obliged to give formal assurances to the DPRK against the threat or use of nuclear weapons by the U.S. however, the U.S. listed the DPRK as a target of its preemptive nuclear attack.
    Under article 4 of the framework and paragraph g of its confidential minute the DPRK is to allow nuclear inspections only after the "delivery of essential non-nuclear components for the first LWR unit, including turbines and generators" is completed. But, the U.S. has already come out with a unilateral demand for nuclear inspection in a bid to convince the international community of the DPRK's violation of the framework.
    This compelled the DPRK to make public the confidential minute for the first time.
    The U.S. has, in the final analysis, observed none of the four articles of the framework.
    It is only the U.S. that can know whether it had willingness to implement the framework when it was adopted or put a signature to it without sincerity, calculating that the DPRK would collapse sooner or later.
    However, the Bush administration listed the DPRK as part of the "axis of evil" and a target of the U.S. preemptive nuclear strikes. This was a clear declaration of a war against the DPRK as it totally nullified the DPRK-U.S. joint statement and agreed framework.
    In the long run, the Bush administration has adopted it as its policy to make a preemptive nuclear strike at the DPRK. Such moves, a gross violation of the basic spirit of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, reduced the inter-Korean joint declaration on denuclearization to a dead document.
    Its reckless political, economic and military pressure is most seriously threatening the DPRK's right to existence, creating a grave situation on the Korean Peninsula.
    Nobody would be so naive as to think that the DPRK would sit idle under such situation.
    That was why the DPRK made itself very clear to the special envoy of the U.S. President that the DPRK was entitled to possess not only nuclear weapon but any type of weapon more powerful than that so as to defend its sovereignty and right to existence from the ever-growing nuclear threat by the U.S.
    The DPRK, which values sovereignty more than life, was left with no other proper answer to the U.S. behaving so arrogantly and impertinently.
    The DPRK has neither need nor duty to explain something to the U.S. seeking to attack it if it refuses to disarm itself.
    Nevertheless, the DPRK, with greatest magnanimity, clarified that it was ready to seek a negotiated settlement of this issue on the following three conditions: Firstly, if the U.S. recognizes the DPRK's sovereignty, secondly, if it assures the DPRK of nonaggression and thirdly, if the U.S. does not hinder the economic development of the DPRK.
    Nowadays, the U.S. and its followers assert that negotiations should be held after the DPRK puts down its arms. This is a very abnormal logic.
    Then, how can the DPRK counter any attack with empty hands?
    Their assertion is little short of demanding the DPRK yield to pressure, which means death.
    Nobody can match anyone ready to die. This is the faith and will of the army and people of the DPRK determined to remain true to the army-based policy to the last.
    The position of the DPRK is invariable. The DPRK considers that it is a reasonable and realistic solution to the nuclear issue to conclude a nonaggression treaty between the DPRK and the U.S. if the grave situation of the Korean Peninsula is to be bridged over.
    If the U.S. legally assures the DPRK of nonaggression, including the nonuse of nuclear weapons against it by concluding such treaty, the DPRK will be ready to clear the former of its security concerns.
    The settlement of all problems with the DPRK, a small country, should be based on removing any threat to its sovereignty and right to existence.
    There may be negotiations or the use of deterrent force to be consistent with this basis, but the DPRK wants the former, as far as possible.

Kim Jong Il gives on-site guidance to Rakwon Machine Complex

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) - General Secretary Kim Jong Il gave field guidance to the Rakwon Machine Complex on Thursday. After seeing historic materials and mementoes on display in the room for the education in the revolutionary history, he said that the Rakwon Machine Complex is an industrial establishment of great historical significance as President Kim Il Sung left giant foot-prints in his revolutionary history and a precious tradition.
    He called for conducting an effective education through this room so that all employees of the complex may always remember the profound love and benevolence of the president.
    Recalling that the workers of Rakwon are, indeed, heroes who have taken the lead in defending the party and the leader in each period and at every stage of the revolution from the days of the hard-fought war to this date, he underscored the need to continue to uphold this brilliant tradition in the future, too.
    Then he examined a hydraulic excavator and a hydraulic lorry-mounted crane newly manufactured by the complex.
    Noting that the demand for excavators and cranes is steadily increasing with the dynamic progress of the socialist economic construction, he called on the complex to increase their production and send them to different domains of the national economy.
    He personally met heroes Ho Chon Hak and Jang Hong Jun who are among the 10 party members of Rakwon.
    Saying that those 10 party members of Rakwon were true loyalists who dedicated their lives to the revolution to fulfil the pledge made to the president when he visited the factory during the war, he highly praised the worthy lives of heroes Ho Chon Hak and Jang Hong Jun before having a photograph taken with them.
    The Rakwon Machine Complex is playing an important role in the drive to accomplish the WPK's cause of building a powerful nation, he said, proposing important tasks to be fulfilled by the complex.
    Noting that in order to boost the production of modern machines requiring the latest technology the complex should continue to concentrate efforts on the technological modernization so as to put the production processes on a modern and precise basis, he set the goal to be attained by the complex in the near future and specified tasks and ways to do so.
    He expressed the expectation and conviction that the workers of Rakwon who have a brilliant tradition would contrive and manufacture more modern machines in the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance in the future, too, and thus uphold and glorify the president's leadership exploits and take the lead in effecting a new great surge.
    The next leg of his inspection was a sideline farm of the enterprise managed by Ri Yong Nam.
    He was greatly satisfied to learn that the enterprise created sideline fields and built a stock farm on its own efforts and produced large quantities of grain and meat every year, bringing about a signal turn in the workers' diet.
    He set forth tasks to be fulfilled to manage and operate the sideline fields and stock farm.
    He was accompanied by secretary Kim Kuk Thae and first vice department director Ju Kyu Chang of the Central Committee of the WPK.

Proposal for founding DFRK supported

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- The proposal for founding the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo was fully supported by public figures of Mexico and Thailand. Alejandro Rosales Sanchez, chairman of the Mexican Committee for Supporting Korea's Reunification, in a statement on October 16 said that the proposal for reunification by federal formula put forward by President Kim Il Sung is the most fair and aboveboard one that helps the north and south of Korea speed up the reunification of the Korean Peninsula on the principle of one nation, one state, two systems and two governments.
    The historic June 15 North-South Joint Declaration reflects the three principles of national reunification and the proposal for federation, he stressed, adding: the committee extends support and solidarity to the Korean people in their struggle to implement the declaration to accelerate the reunification of the country.
    Songchit Pullarp, head of the training department of the Social Development Coordinating Centre of Thailand, in a statement on Oct. 10 said that in the joint declaration the north and south of Korea recognized the commonness of the north side's proposal for low-level federation and the south side's proposal for commonwealth and agreed to orientate reunification to this direction. This means the north and the south realize reunification on the basis of co-existence of the two differing systems, he noted, and went on:
    Linking projects of railways and roads between the north and the south and other dramatic developments show the possibility of reunification based on the co-existence of the two differing systems.
    If Korea is reunified on the basis of one nation, one state, two systems and two governments, the issue of security would be fundamentally solved in the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia and this would conform with the interests of all countries concerned.
    Korea's reunification should be achieved according to the proposal for federation.

National presentation of hypotheses and new conceptions

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- The first national presentation of hypotheses and new conceptions took place in Pyongyang from Oct. 22 to 24. It was divided into 12 panel presentations involving mathematics, biology, electronic engineering, metal and machine-building, railway transport and heat engineering. More than 250 hypotheses and new conceptions highly estimated in provincial events were presented there.
    The participants introduced new and clever hypotheses and conceptions helpful to achieving rapid progress of the latest science and technologies such as basic science, it, bio- technology and Nano technology and accelerating production and construction in all fields of the national economy, and briskly exchanged their views and experience.
    A closing ceremony of the first national presentation of hypotheses and new conceptions was held at the people's palace of culture Thursday.
    It was announced at the ceremony that the first place went to seven papers including "a new method of increasing sinter production in the sintering furnace" presented by Kim Chaek University of Technology, the second place to 13 papers and the third one to 46 papers.

Anniversary of solidarity for implementing south-north joint declaration observed

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- The solidarity for implementing the south-north joint declaration reportedly held a meeting to commemorate the second anniversary of the organization and an evening of solidarity at Dongguk University in South Korea on Oct. 19. Participating in the meeting were members of the reunification solidarity, the Council for National Reconciliation and Independent Reunification, the Citizens' Solidarity for Peaceful Reunification, the South Headquarters of the National Alliance of Youth and Students for the Country's Reunification, the Teachers Union of South Korea, the Seoul District Federation of University Student Councils and other organizations.
    They watched videotapes on which recorded are reunification activities the young Kim Ryang Mu group for implementing the south-north joint declaration conducted touring different parts of South Korea last summer.
    A resolution of the solidarity for implementing the south-north joint declaration was published. It called for taking the lead in the movement to reunify the country by the nation's efforts through the implementation of the June 15 joint declaration.
    The meeting was followed by an evening of solidarity to encourage the reunification movement.

Anniversary of CPV's entry into Korean front observed

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- Papers here today dedicate signed articles to the 52nd anniversary of the entry of the Chinese People's Volunteers (CPV) into the Korean front. The sacred soul and feats of Chinese People's Volunteers who fell in action in the great Fatherland Liberation War of the Korean people will remain forever with the history of the DPRKK China friendship, says Rodong Sinmun.
    It goes on:
    The CPV's entry into the Korean front was a striking demonstration of the might and solidity of the unbreakable DPRK-China friendship.
    The Chinese party and government organized the Chinese people's volunteers with excellent sons and daughters of the Chinese people and dispatched them to the Korean front under the slogan of "Resisting America and Aiding Korea, Safeguarding the Home and Defending the Motherland".
    The CPV fighters bravely fought against the U.S. imperialist aggressors in cooperation with the Korean People's Army, enjoying strong support and assistance from the Korean people. The precious youth, lives and blood dedicated by CPV martyrs to the victory in the Fatherland Liberation War of our people were, indeed, valuable and a good example of international friendship and solidarity.
    The DPRK-China friendship is long-standing. When the Chinese people were undergoing a trial in the revolutionary civil war, the Korean people rendered unreserved support to them and many sons and daughters of the Korean people participated in the war and performed heroic feats. This will always remain recorded in the history of DPRK-China friendship.
    This friendship with a long history and tradition has steadily grown stronger weathering out any storm and stress.
    The Korean people have fully supported the Chinese people's efforts to accelerate the socialist modernization drive and rejoice over their successes.
    Minju Joson says that the DPRK-China friendship that has stood the test of history will continue to grow stronger in the future, too, thanks to the common efforts of the two peoples.

Implementation of DPRK-Japan Pyongyang declaration called for

    Pyongyang, October 25 (KCNA) -- The DPRK-Japan inter-governmental talks for normalization of diplomatic relations will be held on Oct. 29 and 30 in the spirit and on the basic principle of the DPRK-Japan Pyongyang declaration. Korea and Japan are geographically near countries and had forged ties through mutual visits from old times.
    But the DPRK-Japan relations have remained in an abnormal state owing to the discord and confrontation for the past one century and this has adversely affected the interests of the two peoples in not a small measure.
    The DPRK and Japan should promote friendship and pursue co-existence and co-prosperity as close neighbors. This is the urgent need of the times that should be met to realize the desire and interests of the two peoples and peace in Asia and the rest of the world.
    Respect for the spirit and basic principle of the Pyongyang declaration and its sincere implementation provide an important guarantee for the successful DPRK-Japan talks and the normalization of diplomatic relations.