Spokesman for DPRK FM on DPRK visit of special envoy of U.S. President

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- A spokesman for the Foreign Ministry of the DPRK today gave the following answers to questions put by KCNA as regards the visit to the DPRK by a special envoy of the U.S. President: As already reported, James Kelly, U.S. assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific Affairs, visited the DPRK from October 3 to 5 in the capacity of special envoy of the U.S. President.
    Expecting that there would be a way of solving the pending issues between the DPRK and the U.S. through dialogue as the Bush administration told us that it would dispatch the special envoy in a bid to explain its Korea policy and stand toward the resumption of dialogue, we received him and heard his words.
    However, the special envoy, raising "issues of concern", took a high handed and arrogant attitude by claiming, that the DPRK-Japan relations and inter-Korean relations as well as the DPRK-U.S. relations would be smoothly settled only when the DPRK first meets the U.S. unilateral demand such as nuclear and missile and conventional armed forces and "human rights" issue.
    The U.S.-raised "issues of concern" are nothing but a product of its hostile policy towards the DPRK.
    After all, the special envoy's explanation made it clear that the Bush administration is pursuing not a policy of dialogue but a hardline policy of hostility to bring the DPRK to its knees by force and highhanded practice.
    Since it has been confirmed that the Bush administration refuses to delist the DPRK as a member of the "axis of evil" and a target of "its preemptive nuclear attack" and still maintains its unilateral hardline policy of hostility towards the DPRK, the latter clarified to the envoy its principled stand towards such position before his departure from here.
    Such unchanged policy of the U.S. compels the DPRK to take all necessary countermeasures, pursuant to the army-based policy whose validity has been proven.

Celebration meeting of youth and students in Pyongyang

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- A celebration meeting of youth and students in Pyongyang was held at the Central Youth Hall on Sunday on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of Kim Jong Il's election as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea. At the meeting a reporter and speakers said that his election as General Secretary of the WPK on October 8, Juche 86 (1997) according to the unanimous desire of the Korean people and the will of all the party members was a historic event of epochal significance in the development of the party and revolution.
    He has made tireless efforts to develop the WPK into a revolutionary party of Juche type, an ever-victorious iron-willed party and a genuine mother party from the historic day he began leading the party work, they pointed out.
    Present at the meeting were secretary of the WPK Central Committee Kim Jung Rin, officials concerned, youth league officials, youth and students.
    A march of brass bands and singing squads of schoolchildren in Pyongyang took place on the same day.

Performance given by German Musica Antiqua Koln

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- The Musica Antiqua Koln (Koln Classical Musical Group) of Germany gave a performance at the Yun I Sang Concert Hall on Oct. 6. Put on the stage were overture in g major for two oboes, two violins, two violas and basso continuo composed by Johann David Heinichen, concerto in a major for two oboes d'amore, two violins and basso continuo composed by Georg Philipp Telemann and other classical music.
    Minister of Culture Kang Nung Su and vice-Minister of Culture Song Sok Hwan, officials concerned and artistes in the city appreciated the performance.
    Also seeing the performance were the widow of Yun I Sang, German Ambassador to the DPRK Doris Hertrampf and embassy officials.
    The performance was acclaimed by the audiences.

Decisive role of ideology

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- The immortal Juche idea founded by the great President Kim Il Sung newly expounds the principle that the independent ideological consciousness of the popular masses plays a decisive role in the revolution. The independent ideology means the realization that man is the master of his own destiny and the will to shape his destiny by himself.
    Ideology is the decisive factor defining the role of people in the revolution and construction and stipulates the class nature of activities of those who take part in the revolutionary movement.
    It also defines their will and fighting capacity in the revolutionary movement.
    Only those who are armed with an independent ideology can take an active part in and accomplish the revolution to the end, overcoming all manner of difficulties and trials with a strong will.
    The revolutionary capacity of the popular masses is inexhaustible. But it is impossible to give full play to it only when they are not awakened ideologically.
    The popular masses that are conscious of their class interest can fully display their revolutionary ability and victoriously carry out the revolution.
    The Juche idea newly propounds that the role of ideological consciousness is constantly enhanced with the development of the revolutionary movement, social movement.
    The revolutionary movement, social movement demands a high level of consciousness of man because of its own nature.
    The role of ideology is raised unprecedentedly in the course of revolutionary struggle and it is also related with the characteristics of the revolutionary idea of the working class.
    Proceeding from this Juche-oriented understanding of the decisive factor in the development of the social movement, one can draw a practical conclusion that one should always take the ideology of man as the main in the revolutionary struggle, the social movement.
    As President Kim Il Sung propounded for the first time in history that the independent ideological consciousness of popular masses plays a decisive role in the revolutionary struggle, it made it possible to newly expound the position and role of ideology in social cognition and to formulate a scientific understanding of the decisive factor in the development of social movement.

More mural tomb discovered

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- The Archaeological Institute of the Academy of Social Sciences recently discovered a mural tomb belonging to the period of Koguryo in Songjuk-ri, Yonthan county. The tomb is a typical Koguryo-style stone-earth tomb which consists of passage to front chamber, front chamber, middle passage and chamber for keeping dead body.
    The floor of the tomb was covered with mud and charcoal was spread on it before being whitewashed. Its walls built with trimmed limestone were neatly whitewashed.
    The tomb facing the south is 7.6 m long.
    Discovered on the remaining walls of the tomb were gorgeous murals showing a procession of people, a hunting scene, warriors, life inside houses, etc.
    The corners of the chambers are decorated with paintings showing huge red color pillars so that they look like the inside of a dwelling house.
    Mural paintings are masterpieces which depict different things in detail with various colors.
    Found in the tomb were a gold-copper ring, an ornamental silver hairpin, a coffin nail coated with silver sheet, earthenware and other relics.
    Archaeologists said it was first time for them to unearth such a tomb with mural paintings of diverse themes as that tomb since Juche 65 (1976). The architectural style and theme of mural paintings of the tomb suggest that it was built in the first half of the 5th century.
    The newly discovered tomb is one more precious cultural heritage of the Korean people as it is a clear reminder of the power of Koguryo, a strong state in the east that existed for a thousand years, people's keen interest in martial art, developed architecture and refined skill of painting.

Floral basket to Kim Jong Il from Yasser Arafat

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- A floral basket was sent to Kim Jong Il by Palestinian President Yasser Arafat on the occasion of the 5th anniversary of his election as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea and the 57th birthday of the WPK. It was handed to Kim Jung Rin, secretary of the WPK Central Committee, today by Shaher Mohammed Abdlah, Palestinian Ambassador to the DPRK.

Floral basket to Kim Jong Il

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- Kim Jong Il received a floral basket from Colonel Moammer El Gaddafi, leader of the Great September First Revolution of Libya, on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of his election as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea (WPK) and the 57th anniversary of the WPK. The floral basket was handed to Kim Jung Rin, secretary of the WPK Central Committee, by Ahmed Amer al Muakkaf, secretary of the people's bureau of Libya to the DPRK, today.

Yang Hyong Sop meets Cambodian delegation

    Pyongyang, October 7 (KCNA) -- Yang Hyong Sop, vice-President of the Presidium of the DPRK Supreme People's Assembly, met and had a friendly talk with the friendship delegation of Cambodia headed by Bou Chum Serey, under-secretary of state for the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the royal government of Cambodia, at the Mansudae Assembly Hall on Monday. Present there were Kim Jin Bom, vice-chairman of the Korean Committee for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries, and Oum Mannorine, Cambodian Ambassador to the DPRK.
    The head of the delegation said during its visit to various places he deeply felt that the Korean people have been able to win only victories thanks to the Juche idea founded by President Kim Il Sung.
    He noted that the Cambodian people would always extend full support to the struggle of the Korean people for the country's reunification.