Independence anniversary of Guinea marked

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- A meeting took place here on Monday to mark the 40th anniversary of the Independence of Guinea. Present there were Ri Song Ho, vice-chairman of the Committee for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries and vice-chairman of the Korea-Guinea Friendship Association, officials of the association and working people in the city. A speech was made at the meeting, and then a congratulatory message to the Guinean President was adopted.

Reception given on founding anniversary of PRC

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- The North Hamgyong Provincial Committee of the Korea-China Friendship Association gave a reception on Monday on the occasion of the 49th anniversary of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Present on invitation were Consul General Zhang Min and officials of the Chinese Consulate General in Chongjin. Kim Chol Gun, vice-chairman of the North Hamgyong Provincial Administrative and Economic Committee and chairman of the provincial committee of the association, and officials concerned were on hand. Speeches were made at the reception.

Exhibition of Chinese paintings opens

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- An exhibition of art paintings of Chinese Painter Wang Chengxi opened at the Pyongyang International House of Culture on Monday under the sponsorship of the central committee of the Korea-China Friendship Association and the China association for international friendly contact on the occasion of the 49th anniversary of the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Present at the opening ceremony were Ryang Tal Ju, vice-chairman of the Committee for Cultural Relations with Foreign Countries and vice-chairman of the C.C., the Korea-China Friendship Association, officials concerned and working people in the city. Also on hand were a delegation of the China Association for International Friendly Contact led by executive vice-President Liang Shi on a visit to Korea, Chinese ambassador to Korea Wan Yongxiang and embassy officials. Speeches were made at the ceremony. Then the participants went round "standing against the snow and greeting spring" and other fine art works with a strong national colouring of the Chinese people. The exhibition continues till October 3.

Who is threatening whom? =KCNA commentary=

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- "Minister" Hong Sun Yong of Foreign Affairs and Trade of South Korea, addressing the UN General Assembly Session on September 25, took issue with the DPRK. He expressed "deep concern" over the DPRK's development of military technology, and demanded that the international community put pressure on the DPRK. Obviously, he meant the launch of the first artificial satellite in the DPRK and ultra-modern science and technology demonstrated through it. He, however, described the launch of artificial satellite as the launch of a "rocket-propelled object," adding that the DPRK's "capabilities of development of mass destruction weapons" pose "grave threats" to peace and security in northeast Asia, including the Korean peninsula. Such a burglary logic does not go down with the international community at all. The threats to peace and security in northeast Asia, including the Korean peninsula, come from the U.S. policy of military occupation of the region and the moves of the South Korean and Japanese authorities who are zealously following it. The U.S. has huge armed forces and military bases in South Korea and Japan. Every day it stages military manoeuvres in which a huge amount of combat equipment is involved. Who is threatening whom? The answer can be found in the U.S.-South Korea joint military manoeuvres codenamed Ulji Focus Lens which tens of thousands of troops staged throughout South Korea in August. Hong reversed black and white, clamouring about "threats" at the UN General Assembly Session, though. His rigmarole is intolerable because it is a provocation aimed at more acute inter-Korean confrontation through the internationalisation of it and a shameless mockery of unbiased public opinion of the world.

Anti-reunification proposal for "multi-party security dialogue"

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- The Minister of National Defence of South Korea recently said at the 11th forum on Asean regional security in Seoul and a meeting of presidents of military academies that it is necessary to hold a "multi-party security dialogue" involving the north and the south of Korea, the United States, China, Japan and Russia. "Multi-party security dialogue" for "security in northeast Asia" is nothing but a replica of "six-way talks" separatists had often brought forward in a bid to freeze the division and create "Two Koreas," a news analyst of Rodong Sinmun today says, and continues: "Six-way talks" and "multi-party security dialogue" are an offspring of the servile spirit and anti-reunification scheme of the separatists accustomed to dependence upon outsiders and treachery. Accordingly, they are unrealistic ones which cannot be realised in any case. Korea's question can neither be settled with the interference of outside forces nor can it be solved through its internationalisation. What is the most important is to relax the tension prevailing on the Korean peninsula, remove the present military confrontation and realise national reconciliation and unity. To this end, it is imperative to sign a peace agreement between the DPRK and the united states, withdraw the U.S.troops from South Korea and implement an agreement on reconciliation, cooperation and non-aggression and a joint declaration on denuclearisation signed between the north and the south of Korea. The DPRK has taken part in the "four-way talks" in order to create a favourable atmosphere for the peace and reunification of the Korean peninsula. If Korea's question is discussed at the "multi-party security dialogue" involving those countries which are different in interests and intend to fill only their own pockets by interfering in Korean affairs, heated debates will be continued and no fruition but the freezing of Korea's division will be produced there. It is our consistent stand to solve the question of Korea's reunification independently and peacefully by the concerted efforts of the Korean nation.

Rodong Sinmun on S. Korean authorities' "policy" towards north

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Of late the Ministry of National Reunification published what it calls "explanation materials" in the wake of the publication of a questionnaire of the secretariat of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of the Fatherland laying bare the anti-reunification nature of the South Korean authorities' "north policy." In this regard, Rodong Sinmun today runs a commentator's article. The article says: The "explanation materials" are consistent with a traitorous logic to defend and justify the sycophantic and separatist stand of the South Korean authorities. The "materials" fully betray the true colors of traitors who are clean indifferent to the principles of national reunification that the north and south of Korea agreed on and promised to carry into practice. The author in the article dealing with the "north policy" again says: What must be called into question before anything else is the servile and sycophantic nature of the South Korean authorities who take no account of the dignity and independence of the nation. They claim that the U.S. military presence does not impede inter-Korean relations nor run counter to the principle of independence approved by the two sides of Korea. Such a ridiculous rigmarole can be made only by the traitors who want to prolong their remaining days with the backing of the U.S., leaving the destinies of the country and nation to the tender mercy of the U.S. imperialist aggressors. The U.S. is a source of national division and of misfortune and sufferings inflicted upon the Korean people. It is also the main stumbling-block lying in the way of Korea's reunification. The "National Security Law" and the "Agency for National Security Planning," tools of the anti-north policy of the South Korean authorities, must be also called into question. The South Korean authorities claim that the "NSL" and the "ANSP" do not hinder reconciliation between the north and south and that the demand for their removal is contrary to the spirit of the inter-Korean agreement calling upon the two sides of Korea to admit the existence of different social systems in the north and south and pay regard to each other. If they are true to the spirit of the agreement, they should abolish the "NSL" and dismantle the "ANSP" that denies the system of North Korea. The existence of the "NSL" and the "ANSP" is incompatible with inter-Korean reconciliation. With any excuse the South Korean authorities cannot justify the offspring of the old era of confrontation. Their two-fold approach towards war and peace must be called into question. The Minister of National Unification has persistently insisted on the dualism of the north policy--dialogue and security. His insistence is the revelation of the ulterior intention to resort to trickery in dealing with national reunification question with no sincere patriotic stand. The north laid down the principle of peaceful reunification, one of the three principles of national reunification. With a view to opening the road to peaceful reunification together with the South Korean authorities the north reached an agreement with them and made it public as the reunification programme common to the nation. If the South Korean authorities are to be true to the principle of peaceful reunification they pledged to do together with the north, they should work hard to create a peaceful climate for national reunification and refrain from pursuing the policy of war against the north, particularly from staging military manoeuvres together with a huge army of aggressors. War or peace? They should make clear their attitude. If they continue taking the road of anti-communism, anti-north, going against the three principles of national reunification, they will certainly meet indelible disgrace and destruction. The passage of time will prove that the north's warning is not an empty talk.

DPRK's launch of artificial satellite lauded

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Political figures of different countries in Asia highly estimated the successful launch of "Kwangmyongsong No. 1," the first artificial satellite of the DPRK. A deputy Prime Minister of Laos, the Foreign Minister of Indonesia, the Minister of Finance of Pakistan and other political figures of different countries said that the satellite launch in the DPRK is a "miraculous event" which gives great pride, conviction and encouragement to the third world countries, the Asian people in particular. The DPRK successfully launched the satellite, an all-embracing unit of the latest techniques, with its own technology and efforts, they noted. This is unthinkable apart from the wise leadership of General Secretary Kim Jong Il and it is a great fruition of the line of independence, self-sustenance and self-reliance in defence. A deputy speaker of the Parliament of Malaysia, an executive secretary of the parliamentary group of the Asean and officials of foreign ministries of Iran and Viet Nam said that the DPRK launched the satellite at one try, striking the world with admiration, when Asian countries are in the grip of economic crisis. They praised Kim Jong Il as the sun and the leader who will lead the 21st century.

Release of pro-reunification patriots called for

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- The Federation of Korean Nationals in China and its affiliated organisations published statements on Sept. 4 denouncing the South Korean authorities for unreasonably detaining pro-reunification patriots and students. The Federation of Korean Nationals in China condemned the South Korean authorities' detention of Father Mun Kyu Hyon, chairman Kang Hui Nam of the south headquarters of Pomminryon (National Alliance for the Country's Reunification), and other pro-reunification patriots and students as an unpardonable anti-national and anti-reunification act challenging the aspiration and desire of the fellow countrymen for national reconciliation, unity and reunification. Through the detention, the present rulers of South Korea fully revealed that "reconciliation," "unification" and "democracy" on their lips are a shameless lie, it noted. The Shenyang branch of the Liaoning Regional Association demanded that the South Korean authorities stop the suppression, abolish the "National Security Law" and unconditionally release the arrested pro-reunification democrats including Mun Kyu Hyon and Kang Hui Nam. The Department of Korean Women in China said that the South Korean authorities' fascist suppression is not almighty but it is a last-ditch effort of those doomed to ruin. It noted that they will actively support and encourage the struggle of the pro-reunification patriotic forces of South Korea including the Pomminryon south headquarters and Hanchongryon (South Korean Federation of University Student Councils) and will fight hand in hand till national reconciliation and reunification.

Japan hit for its campaign against DPRK

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Chita Bishwath, Secretary General of the All-India Peace and Solidarity Organisation, made public a statement on Sept. 22 in support of the Sept. 15 statement of a spokesman of the DPRK Foreign Ministry. The Japanese authorities are conducting a vicious anti-DPRK campaign over the launch of an artificial satellite in the DPRK, without inquiring into whether it is true or not, he said. This is a very base behaviour. He noted that the DPRK's launch of the satellite for the peaceful use of space is an achievement made by the Korean scientists and technicians. He said that the Japanese reactionaries should apologize and compensate for the immeasurable misfortunes and disasters imposed upon the Korean people and correct their wrong Korea policy at once as demanded by the world peace-loving people.

Korea will advance with its own faith and guts

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Vladimir Tolstikov, chairman of the East European Centre for Support and Solidarity with the DPRK and chairman of the Russian Association for Friendship and Cultural Cooperation with the DPRK, on a visit to Korea pointed to the successful launch of "Kwangmyongsong No. 1," an artificial satellite. He said: The successful launch of the first artificial satellite in the DPRK is a great event which gives great joy to the Korean people and the world's progressive peoples but fears to the enemy. It is very wonderful that the DPRK ranks with a few big powers which have the technology of manufacturing and launching satellites. The space science and technology have been developed and its industrial foundations laid in Korea under the wise guidance of the President Kim Il Sung. I am sure that as led by General Secretary Kim Jong Il with outstanding organisational ability, military talents and brilliant intelligence, the DPRK could successfully launch the satellite. Now the west and Japan are making much ado about the satellite launch in the DPRK. No matter who says this or that, the DPRK will advance with its own faith and guts and will win the final victory without fail.

Pyongyang Schoolchildren's Palace

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- After-school education centres of schoolchildren have been built in all parts of Korea. There are about 150 schoolchildren's palaces and halls. The Pyongyang Schoolchildren's Palace is the first extra-mural centre for children in Korea. The palace situated in the central part of Pyongyang was built in September, Juche 52 (1963). It consists of eight buildings including circle rooms, a theatre and gymnasium and has more than 500 rooms. It can accommodate 10,000 schoolchildren a day. There are more than 150 circles of different fields including latest science and technology, basic science, biochemistry, sports and art. Over 12,000 education facilities including astronomical telescope, electronic microscopes and computers are being used for circle activities. Among them are over 1,600 pieces of 57 kinds of musical instruments. More than 500 teachers are working there. Over 1,000 university teachers and others are invited there as extraofficial lecturers. Art circle activities are most brisk at the palace. The President Kim Il Sung saw performances of its art circle members on over 50 occasions. They were invited to 22 countries where they gave more than 620 art performances. Circle members of the palace participated in the International Children's Programming Contest, the International Children's Art Exhibition and other international contests and games and were awarded gold and silver medals. The palace has produced 86 honorary title winners including 45 doctors, masters, people's actors and actresses, people's athletes and people's artistes. Foreigners from 140 countries including party, state and government delegations have visited the palace.

Planned "special law" for sinister purpose

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Minju Joson today comes out with a signed commentary on the scheme of the South Korean authorities to enact a "special law" related to the legal status of overseas Koreans at a "regular national assembly session" to be held this autumn. The analyst of the paper says: In enacting the "special law," the South Korean authorities seek to shear overseas Koreans of their money, disintegrate them and block national reconciliation and unity. They are openly crying that "potentials" of overseas Koreans must be "introduced into the homeland for economic recovery." Already at the beginning of the year, they conducted a "remittance campaign" among Koreans residing in Americas and collected money from them. What they seek is to replenish their nominal subsidized organisations by means of inveigling overseas Koreans through the "special law", drive them to the confrontation with independent pro-reunification organisations, disintegrate the community of overseas Koreans and thus block the reconciliation and unity of the nation and the reunification of the country. If they are truly interested in overseas Koreans, they should rather call for the withdrawal of the U.S. troops from South Korea and take a practical measure for independence and democratisation of South Korean society and the reunification of the country. There is nothing for overseas Koreans to expect from the South Korean authorities, who are dependent upon outsiders in all political, economic and military affairs and whose safe is empty.

Rajin Business School opened

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Rajin Business School built with the help of the United Nations Development Programme opened with due ceremony on September 24. The school furnished with modern material and technical foundations will be very instrumental in training experts needed for the development of the Rajin-Sonbong free economic and trade zone. Present at the ceremony together with teachers and students were officials concerned, deputy representative Kirsten Jorgensen and other officials of the UNDP mission here. Speeches were made there. Then the participants looked round the educational facilities of the school.

Construction of minor power stations

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- The construction of minor power stations is being stepped up in Korea. They are based on abundant hydro-power resources, substitute fuel and other power resources. According to data available, some 4,080 minor power stations have been built across the country. They were constructed after General Secretary Kim Jong Il, giving on-site guidance to Jagang Province in January, set forth a task to build many minor power stations to make up for shorts of electricity. Since his visit to the province it has built more than 190 minor power stations and created a generating capacity of more than 15,000 kW. Local industrial factories in many cities and counties are run by local electricity. Over 370 minor power stations of different types have been built in South Hamgyong Province, some 420 in South Phyongan Province and 410 in North Phyongan Province. Kangwon, North Hwanghae, Ryanggang and other provinces are pushing ahead with the construction of minor power stations.

Over 8,000 office workers disciplined in S. Korea

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- More than 8,000 public officials have been submitted to "disciplinary punishment" for their irregularities and "neglect of duty" at "government" and local autonomous bodies in South Korea, a Seoul-based radio report said. With such massive punishment the South Korean rulers are seeking to divert elsewhere the attention of the angry people turning toward themselves, ringleaders of irregularities, and win the minds of people.

2nd national meeting of mothers

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- The second national meeting of mothers was held here on September 28 and 29. It summed up achievements and experience gained in implementing "the duty of mothers in the education of children," a historic speech made by the President Kim Il Sung at a national meeting of mothers 37 years ago, and discussed how to prepare women firmly to be communist revolutionaries of Juche type in keeping with the requirements of the new stage of the Korean revolution, take an active part in the work of doing good things for socialist construction, society and the collective and bring up children into true sons and daughters loyal to General Secretary Kim Jong Il. Attending the meeting were women who sent their children to defence posts and difficult yet important domains of the revolution and construction after bringing them up to be dependable workers while taking an active part in socialist construction, who bring up orphans like their own children and who have done a lot of good things for the party and country, for society and the collective. Present were senior party and state officials Kim Yong Nam, Hong Song Nam, Choe Thae Bok and Kim Jung Rin. The meeting first heard Kim Il Sung's speech "the Duty of Mothers in the Education of Children." A congratulatory message of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea to its participants was conveyed. The message said that a large number of maternal heroines, labour innovators and unassuming workers of meritorious services have been produced among mothers and women and that women are loved and respected by people as flowers of families and the country. This is possible only in our socialist society centered on the popular masses and it is a great pride of the Workers' Party of Korea to have such good mothers and women, the message noted, adding: The Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea is firmly convinced that mothers and women will creditably discharge their responsibilities and duties in bringing up the new generation to be pillars of the country and making the country strong and prosperous, upholding only the ideas and guidance of Kim Jong Il with loyalty and filial piety. Chon Yon Ok, chairperson of the Central Committee of the Korean Democratic Women's Union, in her report referred to the great leadership exploits and love of the three brilliant commanders of Mt. Paektu for the women and posterity in the whole period of the revolution. She recalled proud successes made by mothers and women across the country since the first meeting of mothers was held at the beginning of the 1960s. She said that all women and mothers, bearing in mind the deep trust and expectation of the party, should share weal and woe and the destiny with it and devote their all to the sacred struggle to accelerate the cause of building a powerful state of Juche. Then, speeches were made. The speakers vowed that they would bring up their children to be the future of the country and the dependable undertakers of the Juche revolutionary cause, creditably discharge their revolutionary duties in all domains of socialist construction and launch a powerful mass movement of various forms so as to bring into full bloom Kim Jong Il's plan of building a strong and prosperous state. The meeting adopted a letter to Kim Jong Il.

East Pyongyang Grand Theatre

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- On the picturesque Taedong riverside in Pyongyang there stand many monumental edifices. The East Pyongyang Grand Theatre is one of them. Built in unusual style, the theatre makes the outline of the riverside Munsu area in east Pyongyang look more varied and harmonious. The facade has a semicircular beauty and blends in well with the rectangular building in the rear, reminding one of a gay boat. The whole semicircular part is covered with glass and is attached with a white and long wall which forms a rising curve towards the facade, giving the appearance of a xylophone. The upper part of the front entrance is decorated with a large mosaic mural depicting a scenery of Mt. Kumgang, a scenic beauty of Korea. The mural is six metres high and 60 metres wide. The building is of wainscot structure. With the whole exterior covered with glass and the main frame structure invisible, the stained glass and the white wall form a striking contrast, bringing into relief the artistic effect of the building. The interior consists of the part of entrance hall, that of auditoriums and that of the stage and subsidiary facilities and there are more than 250 rooms. The entrance hall is pierced up to the third floor. There is a large glass mural depicting a beautiful scenery of Mt. Kumgang. Fountains of various shapes, waterfalls and lighting of various colours there give the audience an impression of seeing the sights of Mt. Kumgang. The mural is 15 metres high and 27 metres wide. The auditoriums have 1,500 seats. Being multifunctional, the theatre can be used not only for opera, drama and art performances but also for various meetings. The stage is flanked by walls installed with rotating wainscot. The wainscot rotates, one side of each wainscot being designed for reflection and the other for sound absorption. The rotating wainscots are decorated with sceneries of beauty spots of Korea. The stage and facilities for artistes and public service amenities are built up on modern lines. The environs of the theatre are covered with green belts and decorated with a group sculpture depicting fairies of Mt. Kumgang. With a total building area of more than 43,800 square metres, the theatre was inaugurated in May 1989, just before the opening of the 13th World Festival of Youth and Students in Pyongyang.

Assistant President of IFAD arrives

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Klemens Van De Sand, assistant President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, and his party arrived here Today.

DPRK ambassador to Vietnam appointed

Pyongyang, September 29 (KCNA) -- Ri Hong was appointed as DPRK ambassador E.P. to Vietnam according to a decree of the presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK.