Chinese art exhibition opens

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- A Chinese art exhibition opened, sponsored by the DPRK Ministry of Culture and Art at the Pyongyang International House of Culture on September 30 to mark the 48th anniversary of the foundation of the People's Republic of China. Art works on display show Chinese art flourishing under the leadership of the Community Party of China. Present at the opening ceremony were Jang Chol, Vice-Premier and Minister of Culture and Art, other officials concerned and working people in the city. The visiting Chinese art exhibition delegation, Chinese Ambassador to Korea Wan Yongxiang and Embassy officials were also on hand. Speeches were exchanged on the occasion.

Chinese Ambassador gives party on National Day of China

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- Chinese Ambassador to Korea Wan Yongxiang gave a party on September 30 to mark the 48th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. The Chinese Ambassador said in his speech that the heroic Korean people have defended socialism under the red flag firmly rallied behind the great leader comrade Kim Jong Il and waged final charge to finish the "Arduous March" by displaying the revolutionary spirit of self-reliance and hard working. He said he is pleased that the whole country is full of joy owing to the recommendation of comrade Kim Jong Il as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea at provincial conferences of Korea. He sincerely hoped that the Korean people will achieve new and greater success on the road of advance under the correct leadership of the WPK headed by comrade Kim Jong Il. Noting that China-Korea friendship has a long history, he expressed the belief that the friendly and cooperative relations between China and Korea would continue to develop in the future, too, under the concern of the leaders of new generation of the two countries. Vice-Premier Jang Chol said in his speech that the founding of the People's Republic of China was great gains made by the Chinese people at the cost of blood and was an epochal event that marked a fundamental turn in the long history of the Chinese people. Noting that the 15th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held successfully, he said the congress was a historic one that enables the CPC headed by President Jiang Zemin to lead the Chinese people and to advance socialism with Chinese characteristics toward the 21st century. He wished them new success in their efforts to carry out the resolutions of the congress. "Korea-China friendship is a precious one, which was provided and developed by the leaders of the old generation of the two countries. It has developed on good terms in accordance with the desire and aspiration of the peoples of the two countries," he added. He stressed that to strengthen and develop the traditional Korea-China friendship generation after generation is the consistent policy of our Party and government. A party was given by the Chinese Consulate General in Chongjin.

"Guidelines for U.S.-Japan defense cooperation" under fire

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- Rodong Sinmun in a signed commentary today describes the new "guidelines for U.S.-Japandefense cooperation" as a war scenario worked by the U.S. and Japan. The allegation of the U.S. and Japanese high-ranking officials that the new "guidelines" does not aim at a particular region and country and a third country, but at "prevention of disputes" and "regional security", is a thinly-veiled excuse, the news analyst says, and goes on: It is the strategic plan and target of the U.S. and Japanese reactionaries to invade and dominate Asia. The first target of their attack is the DPRK. The U.S. and Japanese authorities have already said that the review of the original "guidelines" was designed to "cope with the event of contingency" on the Korean Peninsula, that is, the "case of emergency" by north Korea. The U.S. and Japan worked out the new "guidelines" with the purpose of stifling the DPRK with redoubled efforts. They are engaged in the moves of aggression and war behind the scene of "peace". Their double-dealing tactics only lead to the worsening relations between the DPRK and the U.S., between the DPRK and Japan. We cannot remain a passive onlooker to the fact that with the new "guidelines" worked out the U.S. and Japan are working in real earnest to realise their design of aggression on our country and other Asian countries. We will respond to the situation with sharpened revolutionary vigilance. The Asian countries should never allow the new "guidelines".

South Korean workers fight for right to existence

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- "Korean Confederation of Trade Unions" in south Korea held a rally with attendance of its 10,000-odd members at Jongmyo Park in Seoul on Sep. 27 in demand of the right to existence, according to a radio report from Seoul. The confederation in a statement said workers stand on the brink of losing their jobs for chain bankruptcy of minor enterprises due to financial difficulty of the KIA business group, a big business of south Korea, and urged the authorities to take a measure to prevent it.

Korean books donated to Indian university

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- A ceremony for donating Korean books took place at Jamia Millia Islamia University in India on September 26 to mark the 52nd founding anniversary of the Workers' Party of Korea. At the ceremony the Korean Ambassador to India conveyed about 20 kinds of books including President Kim Il Sung's reminiscences "With the Century" and Secretary Kim Jong Il's famous works to the vice-chancellor of the university.

Secy. Kim Jong Il's experience of war

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- In his teens Secretary Kim Jong Il went through the Fatherland Liberation War (June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953). As the war broke out, he had to live separated from President Kim Il Sung. At the time of temporary strategic retreat he made a thousand-ri journey through heavy bombing and arrived at Mt. Jangja in Jagang Province, where he continued his study and fostered hatred for the U.S. imperialists, seeing the towns and villages in flames. In June 1952 he was summoned by President Kim Il Sung, who was giving on-site guidance to Sinuiju. They visited units of the Korean People's Army and various places in North Phyongan Province. Secretary Kim Jong Il lived together with President Kim Il Sung at the supreme command from late June to mid-August that year. Sometimes he sat up all night together with President Kim Il Sung by the table for mapping out a plan of operation, asking about the situation of the front, thinking of how to frustrate the intention of the enemy and learning President Kim Il Sung's outstanding commanding art, including the ways of attacking the enemies and annihilating them through encirclement and of hunting the enemy's planes and tanks, and the revolutionary optimism, the spirit of facing difficulties, firm will, matchless grit and military intelligence. He went together with President Kim Il Sung to the battle positions of the People's Army units clouded with powder-smoke and pit construction sites and walked through Pyongyang streets and rural villages enveloped in flames caused by the enemy's warplanes. While going through the trials of the war together with President Kim Il Sung, he paid deep attention to the health and security of President Kim Il Sung with boundless loyalty. In the fierce war he created a song "embrace of the homeland" with the will and faith that the embrace of president Kim Il Sung is just that of the homeland.

True color of group for checking up war preparations in s. Korea

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- The south Korean "civilian"-veiled war maniacs decided to complete the concretisation of more than 50 wartime tasks till November, according to a report. The south Korean Hangyore Shinmun said that the group, which was formed in early August, is composed of more than 80 persons including nearly 50 generals and high-ranking officers of the three services of the army and over 30 officials of the ministry of home affairs and 16 other ministries and agencies and local offices of the regime. Its core is the group for examining war preparations under the joint chiefs of staff of the army. Its head is the chairman of the headquarters for the examination of war potentials under the joint chiefs of staff. This fact shows that south Korea has been put on a war footing and even the administrative organs of the regime have been brought under the control of the joint chiefs of staff of the army so as to push ahead with the war preparations against the north.

Papers observe Independence Day of Nigeria

Pyongyang,October 1 (kCNA) - Paper here today observe the 37th anniversary of the Independence of Nigeria. Rodong Sinmun in a singed article outlines the achievements the Nigerian people have gained in their struggle for sovereignty,progress and prosperity for 37 years since independence,and continues: Though the impetiarists interfered in the internal affairs of Nigeria, tried to force the western mode of politics and economy on it and put pressure on it over "human rights problem" in recent years,the Nigerian people did not retreat from the road of their own choice for independent development. The Nigerian people resolutely counter dominationistic manoeuvrings of the imperialists,achive stability of the country,put into practice their own way of solving the ploblems and pursue an independent foreign policy. therfore,Nigeria is recognised as a country with strong independence.It is playing a leading role in ensuring peace and stability in the Western African Region and deveroping friendly and cooperative relationa with Neigbouring countries. The Korean people speak well of the independent stand of the Nigerian people and positively support their just cause. Minju Joson says that the friendly and cooperative ties between Korea and Nigeria are boosting on terms day by day.

Secy. Kim Jong Il praised by foreign heads of State and Party leaders

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) - Secretary Kim Jong Il is recognized and highly praised as the Supreme Leader of the Workers' Party of Korea by heads of State and Party leaders of different countries. In the past three years they in their congratulatory messages and letters to Secretary Kim Jong Il said that having him at the head of the WPK is a high honor and the greatest wish not only of the Korean people but also of the world communists and the revolutionary parties. Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk said: the great feats and achievements made by marshal Kim Jong Il, the Supreme Leader, in all spheres of the state construction are great and remarkable= they are stirring up the unanimous admiration of the world progressive people who love national independence, peace and justice. President Angel Castro Lavarello and General Secretary Tany Valer Lopera of the National Executive Committee of the Left Revolutionary Union of Peru expressed revolutionary respects to marshal Kim Jong Il, the dear leader and the great leader, for having developed and enriched the immortal Juche idea with his new ideas and theories and for further strengthening and developing the WPK into the staff of the revolution and construction with his new method and style of work. National Chairman of the Workers' Party of Democratic Congo, said: the early election of dear comrade Kim Jong Il at the supreme post is not only the desire of the entire Korean people but also our wish.

Mysterious phenomena continue in Korea

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- Mysterious natural phenomena are being witnessed in Korea while provincial Party conferences adopt resolutions on recommending Secretary Kim Jong Il as General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea. New leaves began to be out on 25 apricot trees planted at the compound of an experimental station of the veterinary institute of the academy of agricultural science from September 10 and young buds put out from September 21 and then flowers came into bloom. Many people came to see the mysterious phenomena every day. And a pear tree planted in the compound of the Hoeryong College of physics in North Hamgyong Province put forth young buds from September 21 and white flowers came into bloom on September 26. 32 flowers came into bloom on an apricot tree in front of Kang Sin Hwan's house in Munmyongri, Kumchon county, North Hwanghae Province, on September 23. Hundreds of white flowers came into bloom on two pear trees planted in the compound of the Puryong Export Garment Factory of North Hamgyong Province on September 26 when the Provincial Party Conference was held to recommend Secretary Kim Jong Il as General Secretary of the WPK. 22 flowers came into bloom and many young flower buds put out on a crab-apple tree at the central zoo before harvesting fruits. The tree had already bloomed in April and May.

Cinematic art of Korea

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- The Korean feature films "My Look in Distant Future" and "Taehongdan Chief Secretary" (parts 1-3) were recently released on a high ideological and artistic value in Korea following the masterpiece, the multi-part feature film "the Nation and Destiny". These masterpieces have been released due to the film revolution started by Secretary Kim Jong Il long ago. In April 1968 he led the filmization of "the Sea of Blood" under the plan to make a revolution in film through the work to filmize classic masterpieces created by President Kim Il Sung during the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle. In order to make "the Sea of Blood" a masterpiece, he gave meticulous guidance from scenario to shooting on 124 occasions. Afterwards, he wisely led the work to filmize "the Fate of a Self-Defence Corps Man" and "the Flower Girl". Thanks to his efforts and meticulous guidance, the feature film "the Flower Girl" was awarded a special prize and top grade medal at the 18th World Film Festival, causing a great sensation in the cinema world. In the course of his guiding the film sector, a great turn was effected in all spheres including the ideological and mental traits of film artists and their style of work, the content and form of the cinematic art and system and method of creation. He consummated the achievements and experience in giving the film revolution and published "Theory of Cinematic Art" in April 1973, thus making great contributions to the development of the human theory of literature and art. Since then, films on various themes including themes on the anti-Japanese armed struggle, the Fatherland Liberation War and the socialist reality have been created in Korea. Particularly, the creation of the revolutionary films "Star of Korea" (parts 1-10), "the Sun of the Nation" (parts 1-5) and "Mt. Paektu" which show the anti-Japanese revolutionary struggle history of President Kim Il Sung was an event which opened a new history of portraying the leader of the working class. Secretary Kim Jong Il made sure that the multi-part feature film "the Nation and Destiny" based on the song "My Country is the Best" was released to greatly contribute to making a leap once again in the whole of literature and art as a masterpiece of the era, the worldwide masterpiece. 42 parts of the film have been released so far.

S. Korean figure on Juche character and national identity

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- Choe Yong Cho, a historian residing in Tongdaemun district, Seoul, published an article entitled "north and south viewed with Juche character and national identity", according to the Seoul-based radio Voice of National Salvation. The author said: The Juche character of the north can be fully seen in all domains of social life. It has firmly maintained the Juche character in its relations with other countries, startling the world. The strong-arm policy, which the United States used to force upon other nations at random, cannot work on the north. The north finally concluded the framework agreement with the United States, a nuclear power, and received a letter of guarantee from U.S. President Bill Clinton. When the hostile forces made a hue and cry over "preparations for launching missiles in the north", the north put a gag in their mouths by declaring that the launching belonged to its sovereignty, there was no reason to slander or interfere in it and it would carry out missile tests any time if conditions presented themelves and it considered it necessary and that it did not want others to poke their noses into this matter. Indeed, the north is a dignified country which will never make any concession over the issue related to its sovereignty. It is only the north that is not in the least affected by worldwide economic fluctuation or difficulties. One can maintain political independence and increase defence capabilities only when it establishes economic independence. This is proved by the realities of the north. However, the operation command over the southern army is in the hands of the U.S. Forces and the south Korean soldiers are nothing but mercenary soldiers and cannon fodder of the U.S. Forces. The realities in the south which has no Juche character and independence and in the north which has a strong Juche character and enjoys a high authority and dignity of the nation, form a sharp contrast. The Juche character of the north and the national development based on this are results of the independent politics of President Kim Il Sung and Secretary Kim Jong Il who is identical to the President. It is thanks to the outstanding and tested independent politics of the General that the people in the north are dignified people in the world who highly display their authority, saying what they want and doing what they intend. The General is, indeed, the incarnation of independent politics. From olden times, our Tangun's nation valued the national identity very much and developed it generation after generation. However, after the country was divided into the north and the south, the two parts have produced a striking contrast in preserving the national character. Seeing the realities in the north and the south, I felt that the north is a sacred land in which the Juche character and the national identity are thoroughly preserved and highly displayed, while the south is a "land of others" in which there are no Juche character and national identity. I keenly felt that it is the first and foremost task of our people to restore the Juche character and the national identity which have faded away in the south. To this end, we must follow the politics of Secretary Kim Jong Il, the author of the article stressed.

Gift to Secy. Kim Jong Il from Russia

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) - Secretary Kim Jong Il received a gift from the National Salvation Front of Russia. It was handed to an official concerned by Valeri Smirnov, Chairman of the Executive Committee and head of the visiting delegation of the front.

Japanese delegation prays for immortality of President Kim Il Sung

Pyongyang, October 1 (KCNA) -- The visiting delegation of Denchishokyo of Japan led by its leader Shizue Araya visited the Kumsusan Memorial Palace on Wednesday and paid President Kim Il Sung. The delegation expressed deep respects to the Statue of President Kim Il Sung and then entered the hall where he is preserved in state. The members of the delegation saw orders and medals the President had received from foreign countries and went round a train car used by him during his on-the-spot guidance and foreign tour and a motor car used by him in the last period of his life. Then they held a meeting to pray for the immortality of the President in front of his statue on Mansu Hill. The opening address was followed by a ceremony. Shizue Araya read out a "letter of prayer for the great President Kim Il Sung" at the meeting. The letter said the President led the Korean people for their happiness and the reunification of the country as the founder of the DPRK. It sincerely prayed for his immortality. The letter ardently hoped that the peaceful reunification of the Korean Peninsula, the lifelong wish of President Kim Il Sung, would be achieved at an early date, many trials of history the nation of this country has sustained would be overcome clearly and the nation would greet a new era full of true joy and glory. It continued: Denchishokyo stands before the President, with a view to feeling the meaning of the tears of the heaven and Maitreyabodhisattva over the nation of this country, with the mind of repenting of and atoning for the historical crimes committed by Japan against Korea on behalf of the 120 million Japanese. "We admit that the aggression and plunder on the Korean Peninsula during the 40-year Japanese imperialist colonial rule should never be forgotten. All the believers of Denchishokyo have begun things to repent of the unhappy past of Japan," it said. Thanks to the generous favor of the respected Supreme Commander Kim Jong Il, the excellent successor to President Kim Il Sung, and the benevolence of Maitreyabodhisattva, the delegation is visiting Pyongyang and has a chance of prayer meeting, thinking of the sorrow and sufferings imposed on the Korean nation by Japan, it added. The letter prayed for the immortality of President Kim Il Sung and Mrs. Kim Jong Suk amid the eternal blessings of the people. It sincerely hoped that the fog of deep sorrow and grievance will disappear on the Korean Peninsula and furthermore, the severed minds of the two countries and two nations of Korea and Japan will be linked again to open a new era of coprosperity. Then floral baskets and flowers were laid before the Statue of President.